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Table 2 Experience with the criminal justice system

From: Depression and experience of incarceration in North Central Nigeria: a situation analysis at Makurdi medium security prison

Variables Frequency Percent (%)
Days in police custody
 < 5 26 6.8
 5–20 182 47.8
 > 20 173 45.4
Days in prison
 ≤ 30 23 6.0
 31–150 151 39.6
 > 150 207 54.3
Post held in the cell
 Yes 71 18.6
 No 310 81.4
Charge
 Armed robbery 171 44.9
 Homicide 57 15.0
 Theft 31 8.1
 Criminal conspiracy 28 7.3
 Kidnapping and terrorism 22 5.8
 Others 72 18.8
Status
 Awaiting trial 377 99.0
 Convicted 4 1.0
Plea
 Not guilty 345 91.5
 Guilty 32 8.4
Appeared in court
 Yes 339 89.9
 No 38 10.1
Number of times in court
 1–5 188 54.7
 6–20 106 30.8
 > 20 50 14.5
Represented by a lawyer
 Yes 255 67.6
 No 122 32.4
Type of lawyer
 Paid counsel 209 82.0
 JDPC 10 3.9
 Legal aid 36 14.1
Ever been arrested before
 Yes 63 16.9
 No 309 83.1
Number of times (n = 63)
 1 33 52.4
 > 1 30 47.6
Charges during previous arrests (n = 63)
 Cultism 10 15.9
 Theft 9 14.3
 Fighting 11 17.5
 Suspect in a crime 16 25.3
 Others 17 27.0
Reason for reoffending (n = 63)
 No reason given 41 65.1
 No job 7 11.1
 Lack of capital to start a business 6 9.5
 Forced back by a gang 4 6.3
 No training for any other occupation 3 4.8
 Crime more profitable 2 3.2
  1. JDPC Justice, development and peace commission