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Table 1 A Sample of GHQ-12 Threshold Studies on Various Clinical Populations after 1998

From: Using the GHQ-12 to screen for mental health problems among primary care patients: psychometrics and practical considerations

Author Country Sample Threshold Scoring
Hardy [22] England Health care employees 3/4 GHQ-12
Kuruvilla [27] India Primary care patients 2/3 GHQ-12
Bhui [17] England Punjabi primary care patients 2/3 GHQ-12
Aydin [16] Turkey Tubercolosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients 3/4 Tubercolosis
5/6 COPD
GHQ-12
Cano [18] USA Veterans 1/2 GHQ-12
Daradkeh [20] UAE Undergraduates 15/16 Likert
Donath [21] Australia General population 3/4
0/1
C-GHQ
GHQ-12
Makowska [29] Poland Working adults 2/3 GHQ-12
Holi [23] Finland General population 3/4 GHQ-12
McKenzie [31] Australia Gulf war veterans 1/2 GHQ-12
Picardi [33] Italy Dermatology patients 3/4 GHQ-12
Martin [30] UK Individuals with facial disfigurement 0/1 C-GHQ and GHQ-12
Navarro [32] Spain Postnatal women 4/5 GHQ-12
Schmitz [13] Germany Primary care patients 11/12 Likert
Shelton [35] England Postnatal women 4/5
14/15
GHQ-12
Likert
Krespi Boothby [26] Turkey Breast cancer patients 1/2 affective disorders
1/2 generalised anxiety disorder
3/4 major depression
GHQ-12
Yusoff [36] Malaysia Medical students 3/4 GHQ-12
Baksheev [7] Australia High school students 9/10 for males
10/11 for females
Likert
Caraveo-Anduaga [19] Mexico Primary care patients 2/3 GHQ-12
Cornelius (2013) The Netherlands Disability claimants 19/20 Likert
John [24] India General population 3/4 GHQ-12
Kim [25] Korea General population 2/3 GHQ-12
Lundin [28] Sweden General population 11/12
5/6
1/2
Likert
C-GHQ
GHQ-12
Ruiz [34] Colombia Undergraduates; female adults; psychiatric patients 2/3
11/12
GHQ-12
Likert