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Table 2 Factors associated with depression among unemployed young adults living in Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2019 (N = 1419)

From: Youth unemployment and mental health: prevalence and associated factors of depression among unemployed young adults in Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Depression COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No Yes
Age in years
 18–24 604 233 1 1
 25–30 376 206 1.42 (1.13–1.78)* 1.17 (0.91–1.49)
Sex
 Male 532 288 1.61 (1.27–2.03)* 1.40 (1.10–1.80)*
 Female 448 151 1 1
Duration of unemployment
  < 1 year 705 246 1 1
 ≥ 1 year 275 193 2.01 (1.59–2.54)* 1.56 (1.21–1.99)*
Self-esteem
 High self-esteem 581 207 1 1
 Low self-esteem 399 232 1.62 (1.30–2.05)* 1.32 (1.03–1.68)*
Social support
 Poor social support 425 262 2.11 (1.45–3.08)* 1.98 (1.34–2.93)*
 Moderate social support 411 135 1.13 (0.76–1.67) 1.05 (0.69–1.58)
 Strong social support 144 42 1 1
Current cigarette smoking
 No 823 313 1 1
 Yes 157 126 2.11 (1.61–2.76)* 1.21 (0.85–1.73)
Current alcohol use
 No 778 268 1 1
 Yes 202 171 2.46 (1.92–3.14)* 1.86 (1.33–2.59)*
Current khat use
 No 714 271 1 1
 Yes 266 168 1.66 (1.31–2.11)* 0.98 (0.71–1.33)
Current marijuana/cannabis use
 No 873 372 1 1
 Yes 107 67 1.47 (1.06–2.04)* 0.90 (0.61–1.34)
  1. *Statistically significant (p-value < 0.05)
  2. 1 = Reference variable