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Table 3 Factors associated with depression among HIV/AIDS patients on ART at Dessie referral hospital, South Wollo, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 395)

From: Prevalence of depression and associated factors among HIV/AIDS patients attending antiretroviral therapy clinic at Dessie referral hospital, South Wollo, Ethiopia

Category Depression COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No
Age
 18–24 5 8 2.29 (.412, 13.98) 1.53 (0.1, 22.66)
 25–34 37 77 1.76 (1.12, 13.96) 6.58 (1.11, 38.95) *
 35–44 25 157 0.58 (0.43, 5.44) 1.35 (.251, 7.27)
 45–54 6 52 0.42 (0.22, 4.08) 1.01 (.144, 7.17)
 ≥ 55 6 22 1 1
Marital status
 Married 9 167 1 1
 Single 20 54 6.87 (2.95, 15.99) 3.33 (0.98, 18.9.4)
 Divorced 8 52 2.86 (1.05, 7.78) 0.766 (0.22, 2.66)
 Widowed 42 43 18.12 (8.19–40.10) 7.05 (2.32, 21.38) *
Perceived stigma
 Yes 50 129 2.45 (1.502, 4.16) 2.43 (1.13, 5.21) *
 No 29 187 1 1
Suicidal ideation
 Yes 23 13 9.57 (4.58, 20.01) 4.33 (0.98, 16.28)
 No 56 303 1 1
Adherence
 Fair and poor 22 8 14.86 (6.31, 35.01) 7.1 (2.14, 24.44) *
 Good 57 308 1 1
Opportunistic infection
 Yes 18 13 6.88 (3.20, 14.77) 4.96 (1.05, 23.34) *
 No 61 303 1 1
Recent hospitalization
 Yes 15 6 12.11 (4.52, 32.4) 1.63 (0.27, 9.55)
 No 64 310 1 1
Disclosure
 No 15 6 12.11 (4.52, 32.4) 6.34 (1.36, 29.65) *
 Yes 64 310 1 1
Social support
 Poor 56 167 2.01 (.44, 9.27) 0.67 (0.07, 6.43)
 Moderate 21 137 0.92 (0.19, 4.4) 0.34 (0.03, 3.33)
 Strong 2 12 1 1
WHO T stage
 Stage I 55 275 1 1
 Stage II and above 24 41 2.93 (1.64, 5.24) 0.84 (.26, 2.63) *
Recent CD4 count
 ≤ 200 37 37 6.64 (3.79, 11.62) 5.38 (2.37, 12.23) *
 > 200 42 279 1 1
  1. * Show a p-value less than 0.05