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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with depression among participants at Jimma university main campus regular student, April 2016. (N = 556)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of depression among Jimma University students. A cross-sectional study

Variables Depression   AOR & 95% CI P-value
No N (%) Yes N (%)
Family members with mental illness
 No 378 (72.8) 141 (27.2) 1 1 1
 Yes 21 (56.8) 16 (43.2) 2.043 (1.036–4.026)* 2.307 (1.055–5.049) 0.036**
College
 CHS 182 (75.8) 58 (24.2) 1.243 (0.701–2.205) 1.273 (0.682–2.377) 0.448
 CSSH 71 (56.8) 54 (43.2) 2.966 (1.619–5.434)* 2.582 (1.332–5.008) 0.005**
 CNCS 68 (73.1) 25 (26.9) 1.434 (0.732–2.807) 1.523 (0.731–3.173) 0.261
 CLG 78 (79.6) 20 (20.4) 1 1 1
Sex after drinking
 No 380 (73.6) 136 (26.4) 1 1 1
 Yes 19 (47.5) 21 (52.5) 3.088 (1.611–5.920)* 3.722(1.818–7.619) < 0.001**
Being hit by a sexual partner
 No 381 (74.9) 128 (25.1) 1 1 1
 Yes 18 (38.3) 29 (61.7) 4.796 (2.576–8.926)* 3.132 (1.561–6.283) 0.001**
Childhood emotional abuse
 No 365 (73.9) 129 (26.1) 1 1 1
 Yes 34 (54.8) 28 (45.2) 2.330 (1.359–3.994)* 2.167 (1.169–4.017) 0.014**
Pocket money(Ethiopian Birr)
 < 100 15 (78.9) 4 (21.1) 0.351 (0.100–1.229) 0.348 (0.088–1.368) 0.131
 100–299 55 (62.5) 33 (37.5) 0.789 (0.378–1.649) 0.905 (0.386–2.118) 0.817
 300–499 161 (73.5) 58 (26.5) 0.474 (0.243–0.924)* 0.489 (0.224–1.071) 0.074
 500–999 143 (76.9) 43 (23.1) 0.396 (0.199–0.787)* 0.450 (0.204–0.995) 0.049**
 > 1000 25 (56.8) 19 (43.2) 1 1 1
Academic performance
 Warned 3 (75) 1 (25) 2.267 (0.196–26.271) 1.812 (0.133–24.738) 0.656
 Promoted 228 (66.1) 117 (33.9) 3.489 (1.330–9.158)* 2.912 (1.063–7.975) 0.038**
Distinction 134 (80.2) 33 (19.8) 1.675 (0.608–4.612) 1.327 (0.462–3.812) 0.599
Great distinction 34 (87.2) 5 (12.8) 1 1 1
  1. CHS College of health science, CSSH College of social science and Humanity, CNCSCollege of natural and computational science, CLG College of law and Governance
  2. *Variables with p ≤ 0.25 on Binary logistic regression
  3. **Variables with p < 0.05 on multiple logistic regression or have a significant association