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Table 1 Socioeconomic and academic characteristics of participants among Jimma University main campus regular student, April 2016 (N = 556)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of depression among Jimma University students. A cross-sectional study

Variable Frequency (n) Percentage (%)
Gender
 Male 360 64.7
 Female 196 35.3
Age
 18–20 231 41.5
 21–22 212 38.1
 23–35 113 20.3
Ethnicity
 Oromo 328 59
 Amhara 130 23.4
 Tigre 26 4.7
 Gurage 32 5.8
Yem 14 2.5
 Others* 26 4.7
Marital status
 Married 60 10.8
 Single 478 86.0
 Others** 18 3.2
Religion
 Muslim 182 32.7
 Orthodox 210 37.8
 Protestant 159 28.6
 Others*** 5 0.9
Childhood residence
 Rural 294 52.9
 Urban 262 47.1
Monthly pocket money (Ethiopian Birr)
 100–299 107 19.2
 300–499 219 39.4
 500–999 186 33.5
 1000–4000 44 7.9
Chronic physical illness
 No 519 93.3
 Yes 37 6.7
Mother educational level
 Illiterate 176 31.7
 Grade 1–8 232 41.7
 Grade 9–12 111 20
 University 37 6.7
Father educational level
 Illiterate 127 22.8
 Grade 1–8 199 35.8
 Grade 9–12 140 25.2
University 90 16.2
Family income (Ethiopian Birr)
 300–2000 205 36.9
 2001–2999 121 21.8
 3000–4999 151 27.2
 5000–25,000 79 14.2
Parental relationship
 Good 322 57.9
 Moderate/fair 135 24.3
 Poor 99 17.8
Family history of mental illness
 No 509 91.5
 Yes 47 8.5
Year of study
 1st year 182 32.7
 2nd year 136 24.5
 3rd year 122 21.9
 4th year 63 11.3
 5th year 53 9.5
College
 CHS 240 43.2
 CSSH 125 22.5
 CNCS 93 16.7
 CLG 98 17.6
Academic performance
 Warned 4 0.7
 Promoted 345 62.1
 Distinction 167 30
 Great distinction 39 7
Academic work overload   
 No 227 40.8
 Yes 329 59.2
Satisfaction with major study
 Good 295 53.1
 Moderate/fair 162 29.1
 Poor 99 17.8
Overburdened with the test schedule
 No 271 48.7
 Yes 285 51.3
Social support
 Poor support 103 18.5
 Moderate Support 236 42.4
 Strong Support 217 39.0
  1. CHS College of health science, CSSH College of social science and Humanity, CNCS College of natural and computational science, CLGCollege of law and Governance
  2. *Somali, Afar and Wolayta, etc.
  3. **Divorced, Widowed, and Separated
  4. ***Wakefata, Catholic and Athiest