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Table 2 Meta-themes for collaborative practice

From: A heuristic model for collaborative practice – Part 1: a meta-synthesis of empirical findings on collaborative strategies in community mental health and substance abuse practice

Processes of collaboration Meta-themes Major meanings
Interactive-dialogic processes Maintaining human relationship Establishing social connectedness
Walking alongside Being a companion with equal footing
Information sharing Working with what is present
Seizing the present moment Offering information with the other openly
Taking the perspective of the other Opening up for and accepting differences
Aligning and scaffolding Fitting together the strengths and weaknesses of oneself and the other
Negotiated-participatory engagement processes Feedback-informing process Using feedback for information sharing and negotiation
Putting differences to work Accepting the differences and putting those differences to work constructively
Negotiated partnering Working out what to share and how to share the work
Accommodating user participation Promoting and enhancing user participation
Addressing the tension between help and control Mediating the tension
Negotiated-supportive processes Helping in context Helping that is specific to situations
Coordinating Coordinating services and resources
Pulling together Forging together for social participation
Advocating Campaigning for users
Availing Making clear regarding what, how, and when of available help