Skip to main content

Table 2 Study characteristics (18 records from 11 distinct studies)

From: Implementation outcomes of cognitive behavioural therapy delivered by non-specialists for common mental disorders and substance-use disorders in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Study Author (year) Country Setting Total study population/
gender
Study Design Disorder targeted Type of NSHW/
gender
Treatment components
Thinking Healthy Programme Peer
– Behavioural activation
– Problem-solving therapy
Atif (2016) Pakistan Primary healthcare 49
Female
Qualitative Perinatal depression Peers
Female
Atif (2017) Pakistan & India Primary healthcare 102 Individual interviews & 15 Focus group discussions
Female
Qualitative Perinatal depression Peers
Female
Singla (2014) Pakistan & India Primary healthcare 99 Individual interviews & 13 Focus group discussions
Female
Qualitative Perinatal depression Peers
Female
Cognitive processing therapy Bass (2013) Democratic Republic of Congo Community-based 405
Female
Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) Depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Para-professionals
Mixed
Common elements treatment approach
– Relaxation
– Behavioural activation
– Cognitive restructuring
– In vivo exposure
– Motivational interviewing
Bolton (2014) Thailand (Burmese refugees) Community-based 437
Mixed
RCT Depression, anxiety, PTSD Lay-counsellors
Mixed
Murray (2014) Thailand & Iraq Community-based 34
Mixed
Pilot RCT Depression, anxiety, PTSD Lay-counsellors
Mixed
Friendship bench programme
– Problem-solving therapy
Chibanda (2016) Zimbabwe Primary healthcare 573
Mixed
RCT Depression & anxiety Lay health workers
Female
Chibanda (2017) Zimbabwe Primary healthcare 17
Mixed
Qualitative Common mental disorders (CMD) Lay health workers
Female
Healthy activity programme
– Behavioural activation
– Problem-solving therapy
– Relaxation training
Chowdhary (2016) India Primary healthcare 55
Mixed
Pilot RCT Severe depression Lay-counsellors
Mixed
Trauma-focused CBT vs. Problem-solving therapy
– Cognitive restructuring
– In vivo exposure
Dawson (2018) Indonesia School-based 64
Mixed
RCT PTSD
(children)
Lay-counsellors
Mixed
Problem Management Plus
– Behavioural activation
– Problem-solving therapy
Khan (2017) Pakistan Community-based 119
Mixed
Cluster pilot RCT CMD Lay-helpers
Mixed
Problem-solving therapy
– Behavioural activation
– Healthy thinking
Munodawafa (2017) South Africa Primary healthcare 6
Female
Qualitative Perinatal depression Community health workers
Female
Nyatsanza (2016) South Africa Primary healthcare 26
Female
Qualitative Perinatal depression Lay health workers
Female
Counselling for Alcohol Problems
– Cognitive skills (handling of difficult emotions)
– Problem-solving therapy
– Drink refusal skills
– Motivational interviewing
Nadkarni (2015) India Primary healthcare 53
Male
Pilot RCT and Qualitative Alcohol use disorder (AUD) Lay-counsellors
Mixed
Nadkarni (2017) India Primary healthcare 377
Male
RCT AUD Lay-counsellors
Mixed
Culturally adapted group CBT
– Drink refusal skills
– Problem-solving therapy
– Cognitive restructuring
Papas (2010) Kenya Primary healthcare 27
Mixed
Pilot feasibility study AUD Para-professional counsellors
Mixed
Papas (2011) Kenya Primary healthcare 75
Mixed
Pilot RCT AUD Para-professional counsellors
Mixed
Group intervention
– CBT techniques with cooperative play and creative activities
– Trauma processing
Tol (2008) Indonesia School-based 495
Mixed
Cluster RCT PSTD & Anxiety
(children)
Para-professionals
Mixed