Skip to main content

Table 5 Bi-variable and multivariate analysis of stigma among schizophrenia patients at AMSH, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 409)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with higher levels of perceived stigma among people with schizophrenia Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables Categories Stigma COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P-Value
Low High
Sex Male 117 138 1:00 1:00  
Female 36 118 2.80 (1.80, 4.34) 2.30 (1.42, 3.71)* 0.04
Marital status Single 101 141 0.63 (0.41, 0.96) 0.64 (0.41,1.01) 0.31
Married 52 115 1:00 1:00  
Age of onset of schizophrenia Before 25 years 57 137 1.94 (1.29, 2.92) 1.85 (1.19, 2.89)** 0.01
After 25 years 96 119 1:00 1:00  
Number of admissions Never 100 138 1:00 1:00  
≤ 2 33 82 1.80 (1.11, 2.90) 1.94 (1.16, 3.27)* 0.01
> 2 20 36 1.30 (0.71, 2.39) 1.70 (0.83, 3.39) 0.32
Duration of illness (years) < 1 45 30 1:00 1:00  
1–5 45 72 2.4 (1.32, 4.34) 2.00 (1.01, 3.27)** 0.01
6–10 38 89 3.513 (1.932, 6.389) 2.48 (1.29, 4.74)*** < 0.001
> 10 25 65 3.9 (2.03, 7.492) 2.85 (1.40, 5.79)*** < 0.001
Current Tobacco use Yes 87 174 1.61 (1.06, 2.435) 1.36 (0.84, 2.18) 0.23
No 66 82 1:00 1:00  
  1. Italic values indicate significance of p-value (P < 0.05)
  2. * P<0.05; ** P<0.01; *** P<0.001