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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariable Logistic Regression analysis Result of the factors for common mental disorder among epileptic patients at Felegehiwot Referral Hospital, Bahirdar, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 422)

From: Common mental disorders and its determinants among epileptic patients at an outpatient epileptic clinic in Felegehiwot Referral Hospital, Bahirdar, Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

Explanatory variable CMD COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No
Marital status
 Married 79 150 1.00 1.00
 Single 65 111 1.12 (0.74, 1.67) 1.37 (0.76, 2.44)
 Divorced/separated 7 10 1.34 (1.17, 3.63) 1.95 (1.67, 5.67)a
Age of participants
 18–24 41 79 1.00 1.00
 25–34 55 115 0.9 (0.56,1.52) 1.04 (0.54, 2.03)
 35–44 38 54 1.36 (0.78, 2.38) 1.37 (0.57,3.18)
 45 and above 13 17 1.43 (0.68, 2.96) 1.8 (0.67, 4.85)
Duration epileptic rt.
 < 5 Years 79 118 1.00 1.00
 5–10 Years 41 78 1.62 (0.96, 2.69) 0.78 (0.46, 1.33)
 > 10 years 31 41 1.27 (0.73, 2.24) 0.50 (0.27, 0.91)
Type of AEM
 Phenobarbitone 110 190 1.00 1.00
 Phenytoine 30 48 1.74 (0.56,5.52) 1.18 (0.63, 2.19)
 Carbamazipine 7 21 1.88 (0.55,6.35) 0.55 (0.21, 1.42)
 Valporic acid 4 12 1.02 (0.24, 4.13) 0.73 (0.22,2.46)
Comorbid illness
 Yes 8 7 2.1 (1.75, 5.93) 2.99 (1.95, 9.39)b
 No 143 264 1.00 1.00
Alcohol misuse
 CAGE score ≥ 2 20 131 2.43 (1.91, 4.85) 2.20 (1.78, 3.93)b
 CAGE score < 2 16 255 1.00 1.00
Nicotine dependence
 FTND score ≥ 1 14 16 1.63 (1.77, 6.44) 1.52 (1.46, 4.62)b
 FTND score < 1 137 255 1.00 1.00
Medication adherence
 Good 11 29 1.00 1.00
 Poor 140 242 1.53 (1.24, 3.15) 1.9 (1.72, 3.56)b
Mental illness in family
 Yes 5 2 4.6 (0.88, 24.00) 4.88 (0.79,29.8)
 No 146 269 1.00 1.00
  1. ap-value < 0.05, bp-value < 0.01, Model Chi square = 2.96, df = 8 and sig = 0.937