Skip to main content

Table 4 Positive (risk) significant odds ratios for diagnostic categories in association with selected demographic/clinical factors

From: Demographic and clinical characteristics of children seeking psychiatric services in the Nile Delta region: an observational retrospective study

Variable Depression OR (95% CI) ADHD OR (95% CI) ID OR (95% CI) ASD OR (95% CI) Tics OR (95% CI) Disruptive OR (95% CI) Psychotic OR (95% CI) Trauma-related OR (95% CI)
Marital status
 Separated 5.3* (1.9–14.6)       
 Divorced 4.2* (1.7–10.4)
 One parent deceased 4.4* (1.9–9.9) 3.3* (1.4–7.9)
 Both parents deceased 14.5* (1.3–16.3)
Family income
 Less than 2500 EGP    2.7* (1.8–4.0)    
 7501 to 10,000 EGP 4.1* (1.1-15.1)
 15,001 to 20,000 EGP 14.6* (2.6 –18.8)  
Mother education
 Illiterate    2.0* (1.2–3.5)      
 Primary education 3.3* (1.8–6.0)
Child abuse
 Physical punishment 2.4* (1.6–3.7) 1.6* (1.1–2.3)     2.3* (1.5 –3.5)  
 Physical abuse 3.4* (1.9–6.1) 8.5* (1.5 –17.8)
 Sexual abuse 5.3* (1.4–19.9) 21.5* (2.3 –25.4)
History of medical illness (child)    1.8* (1.2–2.8)   3.6* (1.4–9.4)    
Family history of psychiatric illness 2.6* (1.6–4.0)       3.1* (1.0–9.3)  
Birth complications    2.1* (1.4–3.3) 3.4* (1.9–6.1)     
  1. * Significant with p-values ≤ 0.05