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Table 2 Factors associated with dementia symptoms

From: Dementia and associated factors among the elderly in Vietnam: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Crude models Adjusted model
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age group
 60–64 1 1
 65–69 1.60a 1.29–2.00 1.60 1.24–2.06
 70–74 2.51a 2.00–3.16 2.77a 2.13–3.62
 75–79 4.08a 3.22–5.16 3.81a 2.89–5.03
 80+ 13.48a 10.47–17.35 9.42a 6.98–12.71
Sex
 Male 1 1
 Female 2.20a 1.91–2.54 1.70a 1.41–2.04
Education
 Illiteracy 1 1
 Primary school 0.08a 0.05–0.13 0.09a 0.05–0.15
 Secondary school 0.02a 0.01–0.03 0.03a 0.02–0.05
 High school/vocational 0.01a 0.01–0.02 0.02a 0.01–0.03
 Higher than high school 0.01a 0.004–0.02 0.01a 0.006–0.03
Main caregiver
 Self-care 1 1
 Spouse 0.69a 0.58–0.83 1.36b 1.07–1.72
 Children 2.46a 2.04–2.95 1.35b 1.07–1.72
 Others (neighbours, cousin…) 2.50a 1.55–4.04 0.97 0.52–1.78
Mixed diet
 No 1 1
 Yes 0.61a 0.53–0.71 0.88 0.73–1.05
Physically active
 Yes 1 1
 No 4.03a 3.27–4.98 1.89a 1.45–2.49
Participating social activities
 Daily 1 1
 3–4 times/week 1.09 0.49–2.43 1.30 0.51–3.31
 1–2 times/week 1.68 0.87–3.28 1.86 0.85–4.09
 1–2 times/month 2.70a 1.78–4.11 2.08b 1.28–3.39
 Less than 1 time/month 2.80a 1.83–4.29 1.36 0.83–2.25
 Never 4.79a 3.21–7.15 2.08b 1.30–3.34
Visiting friends, neighbours
 Daily 1 1
 3–4 times/week 1.33b 1.06–1.67 1.17 0.90–1.54
 1–2 times/week 1.32b 1.07–1.62 1.30 1.01–1.67
 1–2 times/month 1.15 0.90–1.47 1.07 0.79–1.45
 Less than 1 time/month 1.64a 1.26–2.14 1.13 0.81–1.59
 Never 3.53a 2.85–4.38 1.59b 1.20–2.10
High blood pressure
 No 1 1
 Yes 1.21b 1.05–1.39 0.94 0.79–1.13
Stroke
 No 1 1
 Yes 3.20a 2.20–4.63 3.41a 2.12–5.50
  1. ap-value < 0.001
  2. bp-value < 0.005