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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the participants

From: Prevalence and predictors of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among patients with type II diabetes attending primary healthcare centers in the western region of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Variable Mean (± SD)/n (%)
Age (years) 56.9 (± 11.1)
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 < 18.5 3 (0.7)
 18.5–24.9 77 (17.1)
 25–29.9 144 (32)
 30–34.9 129 (28.7)
 35–39.9 58 (12.9)
 > 40 39 (8.7)
Marital status
 Never married 3 (0.7)
 Married 389 (86.4)
 Widow/widower 41 (9.1)
 Divorced/separated 17 (3.8)
Offspring
 No 15 (3.3)
 Yes 435 (96.7)
Level of education
 No formal education 73 (16.2)
 Primary school 72 (16)
 Intermediate school 79 (17.6)
 Secondary school 120 (26.7)
 College 94 (20.9)
 Higher education (Master’s, Ph.D.) 12 (2.7)
Occupation
 Retired 158 (35.1)
 Unemployed 170 (37.8)
 Employed 122 (27.1)
Income (in SR)
 < 5000 191 (42.4)
 5000–10,000 138 (30.7)
 10,001–15,000 85 (18.9)
 15,001–20,000 20 (4.4)
 > 20,000 16 (3.6)
Smoking status
 Smoker 195 (43.3)
 Non-smoker 255 (56.7)
Comorbidities
 No 143 (31.8)
 Yes 307 (68.2)
History of cancer
 No 437 (97.1)
 Yes 13 (2.9)
Family history of depression, anxiety, or stress
 No 418 (92.9)
 Yes 32 (7.1)
  1. SD standard deviation, SR Saudi riyal