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Table 1 Overview of all integrated community-based youth service hub (ICYSH) models meeting inclusion criteria in the review

From: Key attributes of integrated community-based youth service hubs for mental health: a scoping review

Program Location Year established General program summary
ACCESS Open Minds [13, 19, 38,39,41, 97] Canada (national level) 2014 Applies evidence to bridge science-practice divide and meet goals of transforming mental health care and producing better outcomes
Considers contextually driven circumstances to address deficits in youth mental health services and uses culturally appropriate practices
Aims to provide early case identification, rapid access to initial assessment, continuous service bridging adolescence and young adulthood, and connection to specialized services
Child Health Centre [66] Israel 1984 Provides comprehensive, integrated health care services at the community level
Consults on school problems, behavioral concerns, and peer and family relationships
Corner Clinic Teen Parent Programme [87] Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States 2008 Serves teenage mothers’ medical, social, and psychological needs through multimodal, collaborative program
Involves individualized care and group support
Provides developmental screening for children
Forward Thinking Birmingham [13, 14, 37] Birmingham, UK 2015; 2011 (piloted as Youthspace) Applies principles of prevention, choice, and personalized care
Provides a dedicated youth mental health service
Engages young people through rapid response and high-quality initial assessments
Foundry [19, 42, 43, 75, 76, 79, 97, 98] British Columbia, Canada 2015 Ensures health promotion, prevention and early intervention are core components of a comprehensive system of care
Strives to provide services that are timely, accessible, developmentally appropriate, socially inclusive and equitable, and culturally sensitive as well as youth- and family-centered, collaborative, and empowering
Allows for service integration through partnerships and collaborative inter-sectoral working and focuses on integration process
Strives to provide services that are evidence- and trauma-informed and effective
headspace [12,13,14, 19, 29,30,32, 45,46,48, 50, 51, 52,53,54,56, 59, 60, 64, 69, 70, 73, 74, 80, 81, 84, 90, 90,91,94, 97,98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106,107,108,109,110,111,112,113,114,115,118] Australia (national level) 2006 Strives to meet core health needs through highly accessible, multidisciplinary model of care
Bridges gap between mental health and substance services through co-location and common governance
Provides early intervention within enhanced primary care structure/one-stop shop linked to specialist services, schools, and other community-based organizations
Isle of Wight service [68] Isle of Wight, UK 2004 Aims to meet the needs of children at risk for requiring residential services in the community
Co-locates four agencies (health, education, social services, substance misuse) into one service
Junction [119] UK 2004 One of the eight participants in the Youth Crisis project
Provides mental health services for 16–25 year olds
Provides easy-to-access, swift response with low wait times for youth in crisis situations
Jigsaw [13, 14, 19, 33,34,36, 45, 49, 57, 120] Ireland (national level) 2008 Integrates supports and services for young people through community capacity building
Engages young people in design and planning of integrated services
Improves availability of programs that teach young people core competencies and resilience, and strives to identify those at risk earlier
Ensures clearly defined pathways to care and engages community leaders
Northern Ireland Care Trusts [121] Northern Ireland 2002 Provides a single point of entry for mental health referrals, improves referral and assessment process, and reduces wait times and service duplication through fully integrated, comprehensive health and social care trusts formed by integration of existing provider trusts
Serves health and social care needs through one-stop shop, community-based well-being and treatment centers
Oak House Child Development Centre [67] Isle of Wight, UK 2001 Provides range of support for children with complex difficulties through interagency working between health, education, and social care
Expands initial focus on children with autism spectrum disorders to include wider range of difficulties
Provides coordinated approach to assessment and diagnosis, support and intervention planning, and service delivery
Orygen Youth Health [12, 14, 33, 61, 63, 72, 78, 83, 90, 120,121,124] Melbourne, Australia 2002 Provides early intervention for psychosis, mood disorders, and borderline personality disorder through evolution of Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre (EPPIC) model
Provides triage, assessment, and crisis response 24/7, and community and home-based services through a youth access team
Delivers early intervention services over a 2 year period of care through four specialized clinics
Plan d’action en santé mentale (Mental Health Action Plan) [71, 125] Quebec, Canada 2005 Emphasizes primary care as entry point to mental health care and avenue for mental health service delivery
Supports primary care providers through collaborative care or shared care model involving partnership between first-line health and social service care providers and specialized mental health resources
Spilstead Model [85] Sydney, Australia 2005 (study period commenced) Provides holistic and intensive child- and parent-focused services and interventions within one-stop shop
Targets families with complex parental issues and children under school age experiencing social, emotional, or developmental delays
YouthCan IMPACT [19, 44, 52, 88, 97] Toronto, Canada 2016 Provides range of youth-friendly services in one setting utilizing rapid, stepped-care approach
Delivers personalized care for youth with mental health and substance use concerns in their community
Seeks to address service gaps, decrease wait times, be more youth and family friendly, and be more cost-effective
Evaluates effectiveness of model through pragmatic randomized controlled trial
Youth One Stop Shops [19, 38, 62, 65, 82, 126, 127] New Zealand 1994 Provides accessible, youth-friendly health, social and other services in a holistic ‘wraparound’ manner at little or no cost, in a safe and welcoming environment
Wraps range of services around youth to meet individual needs in a seamless and coordinated way
Delivers strengths-based services in a manner that is non-judgmental, culturally appropriate, and respectful to youth utilizing youth developmental principles
Youth Stop (YStop) outreach clinic [128] City of Greater Dandenong, Melbourne, Australia 2010 Provides early intervention and intake not dictated by diagnosis within youth outreach ICYSH inspired by headspace ideals
Addresses existing gaps in youth mental health delivery by linking primary care services and the tertiary level mental health program
Youth Wellness Centre [86] Hamilton, Ontario, Canada 2015 Emphasizes accessibility, peer support, family support, use of technology, youth participation, evidence-based treatment, efficiency, and system linkages within early intervention, youth-focused service
Includes service streams for early intervention, transition support, mobile team, and re-engagement
Co-locates service with substance use counseling and monthly primary care clinic
Youth Wellness Hubs Ontario [97, 129] Ontario, Canada 2017 10 sites providing integrated, stepped-care model with mental health, addiction, primary care, community and social services for youth 12–25 years of age
Provides rapid access, evidence-based services that are co-created with youth, caregivers and service providers
  1. ICYSH Integrated Community-based Youth Service Hub, UK United Kingdom, EPPIC Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre