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Table 4 Association of depression status with WHODAS-2.0 scores among primary healthcare diagnosed cases and community controls (n = 289)

From: Functional impairment among people diagnosed with depression in primary healthcare in rural Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study

Variables CRR (95% CI) ARR (95% CI)
Depression status
 Healthy controls 1.0 1.0
 Cases 1.84 [1.71, 1.98] 1.91 [1.74, 2.09]
Sex
 Male 1.0 1.0
 Female 1.36 [1.24, 1.49] 0.96 [0.87, 1.06]
Age 1.00 (0.99, 1.00] 1.00 [1.00, 1.01]
Marital status
 Never married 1.0 1.0
 Currently married 0.66 [0.55, 0.79] 0.96 [0.81, 1.13]
 Formerly married 0.81 [0.65, 0.99] 1.08 [0.89, 1.31]
Residence
 Urban 1.0 1.0
 Rural 0.85 [0.76, 0.96] 0.84 [0.77, 0.92]
Number of years of education completed 0.99 [0.98, 1.01] 0.99 [0.98, 1.00]
Number of children participants have
 No child 1.0 1.0
 1–4 children 0.91 [0.79, 1.06] 0.93 [0.81, 1.06]
 More than 4 children 0.91 [0.78, 1.05] 0.97 [0.85, 1.11]
Income level
 Lower 1.0 1.0
 Middle or higher 0.79 [0.72, 0.87] 0.95 [0.89, 1.03]
  1. Values in italics indicate statistical significance
  2. CRR crude relative risk, ARR adjusted relative risk, WHODAS WHO Disability Assessment Schedule