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Table 3 The association of demographic, social, economic and clinical factors with WHODAS-2.0 scores among primary healthcare diagnosed cases only (n = 92)

From: Functional impairment among people diagnosed with depression in primary healthcare in rural Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study

Variables CRR (95% CI) ARR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 1.0 1.0
 Female 0.88 [0.76, 1.03] 0.98 [0.83, 1.15]
Age in years 1.00 (0.99, 1.01] 1.00 [0.99, 1.01)
Marital status
 Never married 1.0 1.0
 Currently married 0.93 [0.77, 1.11] 1.19 [0.91, 1.55]
 Formerly married 1.08 [0.86, 1.37] 1.20 [0.92, 1.56]
Residence
 Urban 1.0 1.0
 Rural 0.78 [0.67, 0.92] 0.88 [0.75, 1.02]
Number of years of education completed 1.01 [0.98, 1.03] 0.99 [0.96, 1.01]
Number of children participants have
 No child 1.0 1.0
 1–4 children 0.92 [0.76, 1.12] 0.85 [0.64, 1.14]
 More than 4 children 0.93 [0.76, 1.14] 0.89 [0.66, 1.19]
Income level
 Lower 1.0 1.0
 Middle or higher 0.88 [0.76, 1.02] 0.95 [0.84, 1.08]
Economic deprivation 1.08 [1.00, 1.15] 1.05 [0.98, 1.12]
Alcohol use disorder symptom score 1.00 [0.99, 1.01] 1.00 [0.99, 1.01]
Stressful life events 1.05 [1.01, 1.08] 1.01 [0.98, 1.04]
Social support 0.95 [0.93, 0.97] 0.96 [0.95, 0.98]
Depressive symptom score 1.04 [1.03, 1.05] 1.04 [1.02, 1.05]
  1. Values in italics indicate statistical significance
  2. CRR crude relative risk, ARR adjusted relative risk, WHODAS WHO Disability Assessment Schedule, AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, LTE List of Threatening Experiences, OSSS Oslo Social Support Scale, PHQ Patient Health Questionnaire