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Table 6 Adjusted odds of coping strategies for financial difficulties by mental health disorder and covariates

From: Catastrophic out-of-pocket payments for households of people with severe mental disorder: a comparative study in rural Ethiopia

Characteristics Total by subgroup Coping strategies implemented for financial constraint
Sold assets (n = 238) Drew up accounts at shops (n = 97) Cut down food consumption (n = 125) Withdrew children from school (n = 65) Relatives/family assistance (n = 118) Reduce medical visits (n = 75) Used savings (n = 35) Took on extra work (n = 118)
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
HH of person with SMD 241 0.4 (0.2, 0.9)* 1.5 (0.8, 2.7) 3.3 (1.8, 6.0)*** 3.1 (1.4, 6.7)** 2.4 (1.4, 4.1)** 5.6 (2.4, 13.0)*** 0.8 (0.3, 1.8) 1.8 (1.1, 3.2)*
HH without person with SMD 115 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a
Residence
 Urban 70 0.08 (0.04, 0.17)*** 3.0 (1.6, 5.4)*** 1.1 (0.6, 2.1) 0.9 (0.4, 1.9) 0.9 (0.5, 1.7) 1.0 (0.4, 2.1) 0.7 (0.2, 2.2) 2.4 (1.3, 4.4)**
 Rural 286 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a
Gender
 Male 262 1.4 (0.8, 2,7) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1) 0.4 (0.2, 0.8)** 1.1 (0.5, 2.1) 1.1 (0.6, 1.9) 0.4 (0.1, 0.7)** 1.3 (0.5, 3.4) 1.3 (0.8, 2.3)
 Female 91 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a
Household consumption
 Quintile 1 (lowest) 58 0.6 (0.2, 1.5) 1.7 (0.7, 4.0) 4.1 (1.8, 9.2)** 1.9 (0.7,5.0) 1.0 (0.4, 2.2) 10.2 (3.7, 27.9)*** 1.8 (0.5, 5.6) 2.6 (1.2, 5.8)*
 Quintile 2 63 0.7 (0.2, 1.6) 1.1 (0.5, 2.5) 2.6 (1.1, 5.7)* 1.8 (0.7, 4.6) 0.9 (0.4, 1.9) 4.9 (1.7, 13.6)** 1.0 (0.3, 3.5) 2.9 (1.3, 6.2)**
 Quintile 3 75 0.5 (0.2, 1.2) 1.4 (0.6, 3.0) 3.2 (1.5, 7.0)** 1.6 (0.6, 4.0) 1.4 (0.7, 2.8) 6.9 (2.4, 19.2)*** 1.3 (0.4, 3.8) 2.3 (1.1, 4.8)*
 Quintile 4 74 0.9 (0.4, 2.2) 1.6 (0.7, 3.3) 1.5 (0.6, 3.3) 1.2 (0.4, 3.1) 1.2 (0.6, 2.4) 5.0 (1.7, 14.1)** 1.1 (0.3, 3.6) 1.8 (0.8, 3.7)
 Quintile 5 (highest) 86 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a 1.00a
  1. The model was run separately for each coping strategy using the same set of independent variables
  2. CI: 95% confidence interval; AOR: Adjusted odds ratio; HH: household
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  4. aReference group