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Table 4 Factors associated with depression among undergraduate medical students at SPHMMC, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016/2017

From: Prevalence and predictors of depression and anxiety among medical students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Explanatory variables Depression COR, 95% (CI) AOR, 95% (CI)
Yes No
Sex
 Male 81 80 1 1
 Female 50 56 1.11 (0.68, 1.81) 0.99 (0.57, 1.75)
Age
 18–21 77 52 2.63 (1.08, 6.41)* 2.42 (1.64, 9.22)**
 22–24 52 63 1.47 (0.60, 3.59) 1.90 (0.63, 5.69)
 25 and above 9 16 1 1
Marital status
 Married 1 11 1 1
 Single 137 120 0.51 (0.15, 1.74) 0.27 (0.58, 0.98)
Source of income
 Yes 8 12 1 1
 No 130 119 1.64 (0.65, 4.15) 2.21 (0.76, 6.40)
Educational level
 1st year 38 20 2.85 (1.20, 6.78)* 1.63 (1.43, 6.26)**
 2nd year 34 18 2.83 (1.17, 6.87)* 1.39 (1.17, 5.18)**
 3rd year 18 28 0.96 (0.39, 2.37) 0.50 (0.16, 1.65)
 4th year 16 25 0.96 (0.38, 2.41) 0.52 (0.16, 1.68)
 5th year 18 19 1.42 (0.56, 3.62) 1.01 (0.33, 3.04)
 6th year 14 21 1 1
Interest toward medical education
 Yes 109 18 1 1
 No 29 113 1.67 (0.88, 3.180 1.86 (0.90, 3.82)
Vocational period
 Short 98 91 1.08 (0.15, 7.81) 1.37 (0.15, 12.85)
 Medium 38 38 1.00 (0.13, 7.47) 1.48 (0.15, 14.82)
 Long 2 2 1 1
Impact of vocational period
 Yes 82 81 0.90 (0.55, 1.48) 0.81 (0.45, 1.47)
 No 56 50 1 1
Diagnosed chronic illness
 Yes 10 5 1.97 (0.65, 5.92) 2.36 (0.69, 8.13)
 No 128 126 1 1
Family history of mental illness
 Yes 15 11 1.33 (0.59, 3.01) 1.25 (0.50, 3.11)
 No 123 120 1 1
Social support
 Low/poor 41 37 1.53 (1.18, 3.01)* 1.32 (0.63, 2.73)
 Medium/intermediate 71 58 1.70 (0.92, 3.13) 1.76 (0.90, 3.43)
 High/good 26 36 1 1
Stressful life events
 No 64 80 1 1
 Yes 74 51 1.81 (1.12, 2.95)* 1.61 (1.14, 2.76)**
Substance use
 Yes 34 30 1.10 (0.62, 1.93) 1.35 (0.73, 2.53)
 No 128 101 1 1
  1. n = 269
  2. Diagnosed chronic illness = cardiovascular disease, liver diseases, Epilepsy, HIV/AIDS…
  3. * Significant association (p-value < 0.2 in bivariate)
  4. ** Significant association (p-value < 0.05 in multivariate analysis) Hosmer and Lemeshow test = 0.161