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Table 4 Differences in patients who used inpatient care only and patients who used both inpatient and outpatient care (baseline period)

From: Direct medical costs for patients with schizophrenia: a 4-year cohort study from health insurance claims data in Guangzhou city, Southern China

 

Patients used inpatient only

Patients used both inpatient and outpatient

P-value

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

No. patients

n = 2642

n = 329

 

Baseline (2010.11.01–2011.10.31)

 Gender

    

< 0.001

  Female

40,992.4

23,387.4

24,797.1

16,566.3

 

  Male

46,079.8

21,526.8

24,259.4

18,365.0

 

 Age groups

    

< 0.001

  18 ≤ age < 30

27,167.2

19,908.5

24,077.3

15,037.8

 

  30 ≤ age < 40

33,455.6

23,017.7

25,398.3

16,929.5

 

  40 ≤ age < 50

41,022.2

21,823.5

21,080.3

15,245.2

 

  50 ≤ age < 60

48,486.4

21,277.6

26,077.1

19,335.1

 

  ≥ 60

51,116.8

20,017.9

33,827.1

22,827.8

 

 Insurance types

    

< 0.001

  UEBMI

44,956.4

23,994.1

25,292.3

18,410.2

 

  URBMI

43,002.9

19,858.8

23,070.2

15,460.2

 

 Hospital levels

    

< 0.001

  Primary

19,764.9

15,675.1

7008.4

4565.4

 

  Secondary

32,083.2

16,919.9

18,638.6

12,948.4

 

  Tertiary

51,104.2

21,765.7

26,117.8

17,952.6

 

 Length of stay (days)

    

< 0.001

  Days ≤ 100

10,540.1

7063.1

13,868.6

7311.2

 

  100 < days ≤ 300

33,104.6

14,617.7

37,037.8

13,515.9

 

  > 300 days

57,186.9

12,403.7

65,797.7

15,486.6

 

 Composition of inpatient costs

    

< 0.001

  Laboratory and diagnostic costs

5537.7

7175.2

6141.0

6088.2

 

  Non-medication treatment costs

26,556.5

14,234.1

10,762.6

9275.5

 

  Medication costs

4775.9

3509.1

2756.9

2660.6

 

  Bed fees

7274.5

3446.4

3138.9

2511.5

 

 Inpatient costs

44,144.6

22,385.2

22,799.4

17,640.4

< 0.001

 Outpatient costs

1729.7

1546.2

 

 Total costs (inpatient + outpatient)

44,144.6

22,385.2

24,529.1

17,461.4

< 0.001

  1. P-values are based on the Kruskal–Wallis test. All costs were based on a constant 2014 Chinese Yuan (CNY)
  2. UEBMI Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance scheme, URBMI Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance scheme, SD standard deviation