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Table 4 Differences in patients who used inpatient care only and patients who used both inpatient and outpatient care (baseline period)

From: Direct medical costs for patients with schizophrenia: a 4-year cohort study from health insurance claims data in Guangzhou city, Southern China

  Patients used inpatient only Patients used both inpatient and outpatient P-value
Mean SD Mean SD
No. patients n = 2642 n = 329  
Baseline (2010.11.01–2011.10.31)
 Gender      < 0.001
  Female 40,992.4 23,387.4 24,797.1 16,566.3  
  Male 46,079.8 21,526.8 24,259.4 18,365.0  
 Age groups      < 0.001
  18 ≤ age < 30 27,167.2 19,908.5 24,077.3 15,037.8  
  30 ≤ age < 40 33,455.6 23,017.7 25,398.3 16,929.5  
  40 ≤ age < 50 41,022.2 21,823.5 21,080.3 15,245.2  
  50 ≤ age < 60 48,486.4 21,277.6 26,077.1 19,335.1  
  ≥ 60 51,116.8 20,017.9 33,827.1 22,827.8  
 Insurance types      < 0.001
  UEBMI 44,956.4 23,994.1 25,292.3 18,410.2  
  URBMI 43,002.9 19,858.8 23,070.2 15,460.2  
 Hospital levels      < 0.001
  Primary 19,764.9 15,675.1 7008.4 4565.4  
  Secondary 32,083.2 16,919.9 18,638.6 12,948.4  
  Tertiary 51,104.2 21,765.7 26,117.8 17,952.6  
 Length of stay (days)      < 0.001
  Days ≤ 100 10,540.1 7063.1 13,868.6 7311.2  
  100 < days ≤ 300 33,104.6 14,617.7 37,037.8 13,515.9  
  > 300 days 57,186.9 12,403.7 65,797.7 15,486.6  
 Composition of inpatient costs      < 0.001
  Laboratory and diagnostic costs 5537.7 7175.2 6141.0 6088.2  
  Non-medication treatment costs 26,556.5 14,234.1 10,762.6 9275.5  
  Medication costs 4775.9 3509.1 2756.9 2660.6  
  Bed fees 7274.5 3446.4 3138.9 2511.5  
 Inpatient costs 44,144.6 22,385.2 22,799.4 17,640.4 < 0.001
 Outpatient costs 1729.7 1546.2  
 Total costs (inpatient + outpatient) 44,144.6 22,385.2 24,529.1 17,461.4 < 0.001
  1. P-values are based on the Kruskal–Wallis test. All costs were based on a constant 2014 Chinese Yuan (CNY)
  2. UEBMI Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance scheme, URBMI Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance scheme, SD standard deviation