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Table 3 Frequencies of recommendations where to seek help with means, mean difference with 95% confidence intervals and level of significance for each vignette and personal or institutional help-seeking option

From: Treatment recommendation differences for schizophrenia and major depression: a population-based study in a Vietnamese cohort

Vignette Response category Schizophrenia Depression Mean differences with CI’s T-test
Personal or institutional treatment option %a Meana %b Meanb
Psychiatrist Recommend 81.9   68.3   − 0.336 (− 0.492; − 0.179) p < .001
Undecided 11.6 1.80 18.2 2.13
Unfavorable 6.5   13.3  
Psychotherapist Recommend 81.8   79.4   − 0.149 (− 0.280; − 0.019) p < .05
Undecided 14.2 1.82 11.3 1.97
Unfavorable 4.0   9.3  
General practitioner Recommend 74.6   70.5   − 0.069 (− 0.218; 0.081) n. s.
Undecided 17.1 2.03 18.6 2.10
Unfavorable 8.3   10.9  
Person of trust Recommend 71.8   81.3   0.158 (0.033; 0.283) p < .05
Undecided 22.2 2.14 15.0 1.98
Unfavorable 6.0   3.7  
Rehabilitation facility Recommend 60.2   64.1   0.102 (− 0.040; 0.244) n. s.
Undecided 26.8 2.44 26.3 2.33
Unfavorable 13.0   9.6  
Health authority/department Recommend 47.8   47.5   − 0.042 (− 0.214; 0.130) n. s.
Undecided 27.5 2.67 28.6 2.71
Unfavorable 24.7   23.9  
Self-help group Recommend 48.7   56.9   0.139 (− 0.035; 0.313) n. s.
Undecided 27.3 2.67 22.8 2.53
Unfavorable 24.0   20.3  
Self Recommend 47.3   63.2   0.382 (0.180; 0.583) p < .001
Undecided 22.5 2.80 19.2 2.42
Unfavorable 30.2   17.6  
Internet Recommend 26.5   31.4   0.206 (0.027; 0.385) p < .05
Undecided 32.4 3.30 35.9 3.10
Unfavorable 41.1   32.7  
Natural health healer Recommend 10.6   6.0   − 0.301 (− 0.460; − 0.142) p < .001
Undecided 15.0 4.17 9.4 4.47
Unfavorable 74.4   84.6  
Priest Recommend 7.9   5.6   − 0.145 (− 0.298; 0.008) n. s.
Undecided 15.8 4.25 12.9 4.40
Unfavourable 76.3   81.5  
Feng Shui master Recommend 6.3   4.9   − 0.095 (− 0.243; 0.053) n. s.
Undecided 13.1 4.38 11.1 4.47
Unfavorable 80.6   84.0  
Contact ancestor via medium Recommend 3.4   3.4   − 0.056 (− 0.184; 0.071) n. s.
Undecided 11.3 4.54 9.2 4.60
Unfavorable 85.3   87.4  
  1. Means defined by a 5-point Likert scale with anchor points from 1 = strongly recommend to 5 = never recommend
  2. aVignette schizophrenia
  3. bVignette depression