Skip to main content

Table 1 Primary care physicians’ socio-demographic and practice characteristics (n = 112)

From: Mental health knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy among primary care physicians working in the Greater Tunis area of Tunisia

Characteristics Continuous variables Categorical variables
Socio-demographic characteristics M (SD)
(Q1, Q2, Q3)
n (%)
 Age (in years) 49.0 (5.5)
(46.0, 49.0, 53.0)
 Women 90 (80.4)
 Born in Tunisiab 109 (97.3)
 Mother tongue, Arabicb 111 (99.1)
 Medical school in Tunisiab 104 (92.9)
Practice characteristics M (SD)
(Q1, Q2, Q3)
n (%)
 Governorate—n (%)
  Tunis 43 (38.4)
  Ariana 28 (25.0)
  Manouba 21 (18.8)
  Ben Arous 20 (17.9)
Average number of years working as a PCPc 17.8 (6.0)
(15.0, 18.0, 21.8)
Hours work/week 34.1 (5.1)
(30.0, 36.0, 36.0)
Mental health training in the last 12 months (yes) 14 (12.5)
Average number of patient consultations/week 145.3 (57.8)
(103.8, 138.5, 180.0)
Average number of consultations for mental health/week 17.7 (19.8)
(5.0, 12.0, 21.1)
Average number of consultations for mental health/week:  
  By appointmenta 3.3 (8.1)
(.0, .5, 3.0)
 
  Without appointmenta,d 14.8 (18.7)
(3.5, 9.8, 18.0)
 
Average number of hours dedicated to mental health care/weeka 4.5 (3.8)
(2.1, 3.6, 6.0)
% of mental health consultations per week according to diagnosis: types of mental health consultation per week:
  Anxiety 49.5 (25.5)
(30.0, 50.0, 70.0)
  Depression 33.0 (22.3)
(20.0, 30.0, 45.0)
  Alcohol use disorders 8.8 (14.5)
(.0, 3.0, 10.0)
  Drug use disorders 6.6 (13.5)
(.0, 2.0, 10.0)
  Psychosis (including schizophrenia) 5.1 (7.9)
(.0, 2.0, 9.0)
  Suicide/self-harm 3.7 (7.9)
(.0, 1.0, 5.0)
% of mental health clientele:
  Referred to specialized carea 55.6 (30.8)
(30.0, 50.0, 80.0)
  Receiving support (ex.: active listening) 51.8 (36.9)
(20.0, 50.0, 90.0)
  Receiving psychoeducation 40.7 (38.4)
(.0, 35.0, 80.0)
  Receiving pharmacology 39.6 (36.3)
(5.0, 30.0, 80.0)
  Receiving psychotherapy 18.7 (29.0)
(.0, 1.0, 23.8)
Average number of follow-up visits/patients with mental health issuesa 7.1 (8.8)
(4.0, 4.0, 6.0)
  1. aMissing values were greater than 5%, but less than 10%
  2. bThe variable is not considered in further analyses given the small number of participants in some groups
  3. cThis variable is not considered in further analyses given the high correlation with the variable ‘age’
  4. dThis variable is not considered in further analyses given the high correlation with the variable ‘average number of consultations for mental health per week’