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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder among road traffic accident survivors attending orthopedic unit of public hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016 (n-492)

From: Prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder among survivors of road traffic accidents in Ethiopia

Characteristics PTSD COR (95% CI) AOR (95 CI %)
YES NO
Sex
 Male 54 259 1  
 Female 58 121 2.29 (1.49, 3.53) 2.23 (1.40, 3.56)**
Age (years)
 < 20 21 41 2.15 (1.08, 4.29) 2.24 (0.86, 5.83)
 20–29 43 123 1.54 (0.87, 2.69) 1.67 (0.86, 3.22)
 30–39 22 115 0.80 (0.42, 1.52) 0.95 (0.47, 1.92)
 40 and above 24 101 1  
Occupation
 Unemployed 36 96 1.40 (0.88, 2.21) 0.85 (0.47, 1.53)
 Employed 76 284 1  
Marital status
 Married 48 202 1  
 Single and previously Married 64 178 0.05 (0.98, 2.31) 1.25 (0.73, 2.14)
Happing following accident
 Hospitalization and surgery done 92 275 1.75 (1.03, 2.99) 1.7 (0.97, 3.32)
 No-surgery done 20 105 1  
Social support
 Poor 58 132 2.01 (1.31, 3.09) 2.1 (1.34, 3.46)**
 Good 54 248 1  
Lower extremity injury
 Yes 71 204 1.49 (0.96, 2.30) 1.16 (0.65, 2.08)
 No 41 176 1  
Depression
 Yes 37 45 3.67 (2.22, 6.06) 3.46 (1.99, 5.99)***
 No 75 335 1  
Duration since accident
 1–3 months 67 163 1.98 (1.29, 3.04) 1.72 (1.07, 2.76)*
 > 3 months 45 217 1  
Upper extremity injury
 Yes 29 134 0.64 (0.40, 1.02) 0.6 (0.35, 1.21)
 No 83 246 1  
Litigation/compensation
 Yes 20 97 2.36 (1.40, 3.96) 0.73 (0.40, 1.35)
 No 92 283 1  
  1. *p-value less than 0.05; **p-value less than 0.01; ***p-value less than 0.001