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Table 3 Change in mean scores on resilience, self-efficacy, anxiety, depression and gender attitudes scales between pre-intervention, post-intervention and follow-up

From: Outcomes of a brief mental health and resilience pilot intervention for young women in an urban slum in Dehradun, North India: a quasi-experimental study

Scale T1 (pre-intervention) T2 (post-intervention) T3 (8-month follow-up) p-valuea p-valueb
T1T2
p-valueb
T1T3
CD-RISC 10 20.4 (19.2–21.6) 30.6 (29.8–31.4) 20.7 (19.5–22.0) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.665
Schwarzer’s General Self-Efficacy 26.5 (25.2–27.7) 33.6 (32.9–34.3) 27.2 (26.1–28.3) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.311
Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) 9.0 (8.0–10.0) 1.5 (0.7–2.3) 2.7 (2.0–3.3) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) 8.0 (7.1–8.9) 0.7 (0.3–1.2) 2.8 (2.3–3.4) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Gender attitudes scale 22.0 (20.9–23.1) 26.5 (26.1–26.8) 25.6 (25.0–26.2) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. a Repeated measures ANOVA
  2. b Paired t-test