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Table 2 Comparisons of experiences of gender-based violence among transgender women with and without depressive symptoms

From: Exposure to gender-based violence and depressive symptoms among transgender women in Cambodia: findings from the National Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey 2016

Experiences of ender-based violence Total (n = 1375) Depressive symptomsa
No (n = 756) Yes (n = 619) p-value
Co-workers or classmates are supportive regarding transgender identity < 0.001
 Very much supportive 215 (15.7) 121 (56.3) 94 (43.7)  
 Supportive 1013 (74.1) 580 (57.3) 433 (42.7)  
 Not supportive 129 (9.4) 50 (38.8) 79 (61.2)  
 Not at all supportive 10 (0.7) 3 (30.0) 7 (70.0)  
Difficulties in getting a job because of transgender identity < 0.001
 No 794 (51.8) 528 (66.5) 266 (33.5)  
 Yes 573 (41.9) 226 (39.4) 347 (60.6)  
Lost a job because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1037 (75.9) 645 (62.2) 392 (37.8)  
 Yes 330 (24.1) 109 (33.0) 221 (67.0)  
Denied/thrown out of a housing because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1121 (81.0) 673 (60.0) 448 (40.0)  
 Yes 246 (18.0) 81 (32.9) 165 (67.1)  
Difficulties in getting HIV services because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1252 (91.6) 724 (57.8) 528 (42.2)  
 Yes 115 (8.4) 30 (26.1) 85 (73.9)  
Difficulties in getting health services because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1243 (90.9) 725 (58.3) 518 (41.7)  
 Yes 124 (9.1) 29 (23.4) 95 (76.6)  
Physically abused because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1045 (76.4) 638 (61.1) 407 (38.9)  
 Yes 322 (23.6) 116 (36.0) 206 (64.0)  
Sexually abused or assaulted because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 830 (60.7) 515 (62.0) 315 (38.0)  
 Yes 537 (39.3) 239 (44.5) 298 (55.5)  
Arrested because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1224 (89.5) 711 (58.1) 513 (41.9)  
 Yes 143 (10.5) 43 (30.1) 100 (69.9)  
Dropped school because of your transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1037 (75.9) 622 (60.0) 415 (40.0)  
 Yes 330 (24.1) 132 (40.0) 198 (60.0)  
Fearful of being arrested by police/authorities because of transgender identity < 0.001
 No 1028 (75.2) 635 (61.8) 393 (38.2)  
 Yes 339 (24.8) 119 (35.1) 220 (64.9)  
  1. Values are numbers of subjects (%) for categorical variables
  2.  Chi square test was used for categorical variables or Fisher’s exact test was used as appropriate
  3. a Defined by a Center for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score of ≥ 16