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Table 3 Psychiatric disorders and use of psychotropic medications by current smoking status

From: Gender differences and risk factors for smoking among patients with various psychiatric disorders in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

  Overall (N = 1193) Current smoking in males (N = 624) Current smoking in females (N = 569)
No
(N = 260)
Yes
(N = 364)
p value No
(N = 260)
Yes
(N = 364)
p value
Number of psychiatric disorders
 One 1079 (90.4%) 233 (41.5%) 329 (58.5%) 0.751 481 (93.0%) 36 (7.0%) 0.391
 Two or more 114 (9.6%) 27 (43.5%) 35 (56.5%)   50 (96.2%) 2 (3.8%)  
Psychiatric disorders
 Primary psychotic disorders 491 (41.2%) 119 (36.3%) 209 (63.7%) 0.004 143 (87.7%) 20 (12.3%) 0.001
 Primary bipolar disorders 183 (15.3%) 29 (41.4%) 41 (58.6%) 0.966 106 (93.8%) 7 (6.2%) 0.818
 Primary depressive disorders 200 (16.8%) 37 (59.7%) 25 (40.3%) 0.002 132 (95.7%) 6 (4.3%) 0.208
 Primary anxiety disorders 131 (11.0%) 32 (54.2%) 27 (45.8%) 0.040 72 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.009
 Personality disorders 18 (1.5%) 1 (12.5%) 7 (87.5%) 0.148 10 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) > 0.95
 Secondary psychiatric disorders 44 (3.7%) 12 (33.3%) 24 (66.7%) 0.296 5 (62.5%) 3 (37.5%) 0.012
 Multiple disorders 80 (6.7%) 15 (35.7%) 27 (64.3%) 0.418 36 (94.7%) 2 (5.3%) > 0.95
 Other disorders 46 (3.9%) 15 (78.9%) 4 (21.1%) 0.001 27 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.245
Number of psychotropic medications
 One 363 (33.5%) 97 (47.8%) 106 (52.2%) 0.004 148 (92.5%) 12 (7.5%) 0.497
 Two or more 719 (66.5%) 129 (35.4%) 235 (64.6%)   334 (94.1%) 21 (5.9%)  
Psychotropic medications
 Any antipsychotic 830 (76.7%) 164 (35.9%) 293 (64.1%) < 0.001 342 (91.7%) 31 (8.3%) 0.004
 First generation, low potency 59 (5.5%) 11 (42.3%) 15 (57.7%) 0.794 32 (97.0%) 1 (3.0%) 0.713
 First generation, high potency 177 (16.4%) 44 (41.9%) 61 (58.1%) 0.635 66 (91.7%) 6 (8.3%) 0.440
 Second generation 733 (67.7%) 147 (35.7%) 265 (64.3%) 0.001 292 (91.0%) 29 (9.0%) 0.002
 Any antidepressant 450 (41.6%) 93 (46.3%) 108 (53.7%) 0.021 240 (96.4%) 9 (3.6%) 0.012
 SSRI antidepressants 312 (28.8%) 63 (50.4%) 62 (49.6%) 0.006 180 (96.3%) 7 (3.7%) 0.062
 Tricyclic antidepressants 69 (6.4%) 10 (47.6%) 11 (52.4%) 0.459 45 (93.8%) 3 (6.3%) > 0.95
 Other antidepressants 158 (14.6%) 28 (32.6%) 58 (67.4%) 0.133 70 (97.2%) 2 (2.8%) 0.133
 Mood stabilizers 301 (27.8%) 59 (38.6%) 94 (61.4%) 0.701 140 (94.6%) 8 (5.4%) 0.555
 Antianxiety 68 (6.3%) 8 (29.6%) 19 (70.4%) 0.266 39 (95.1%) 2 (4.9%) > 0.95