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Table 1 Demographical characteristics of patients with first-episode schizophrenia

From: Risk factors for relapse in patients with first-episode schizophrenia: Analysis of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service data from 2011 to 2015

Characteristics Categories No relapse Relapse (P value)
n = 3302 72.30% n = 1265 27.70%
Gender Male 1654 72.3% 635 27.7% 0.9485
Female 1648 72.3% 630 27.7%
Age (years) 3302 23.5 ± 4.4 1265 23.1 ± 4.3 0.038*
Geographic location Metropolitan City 1727 73.2% 632 26.8% 0.1461
Province 1575 71.3% 633 28.7%
Medical benefits Non-recipient 3057 72.0% 1187 28.0% 0.1391
Recipient 245 75.9% 78 24.1%
Type of medical institution Tertiary hospital 1135 70.8% 467 29.2%  < 0.0001**
Community hospital 846 65.8% 440 34.2%
Clinic 1321 78.7% 358 21.3%
Antipsychotic drugs Monotherapy 1585 78.0% 448 22.0%  < 0.0001**
Combination therapy 1442 70.5% 602 29.5%
Other drugs 275 56.1% 215 43.9%
Medication adherence 0–50% 1176 64.1% 660 35.9% < 0.0001**
50–80% 452 78.7% 122 21.3%
More than 80% 1674 77.6% 483 22.4%
Treatment after initial diagnosis Outpatient treatment 2352 75.6% 759 24.4%  < 0.0001**
Inpatient treatment 950 65.2% 506 34.8%
  1. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.001