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Table 2 Relevant sociodemographic variables comparing Lvea Em District and Cambodia

From: Mental health in primary health care in a rural district of Cambodia: a situational analysis

  Lvea Em District Cambodia
Geography 260 sq. km 181,035 sq. km
Administrative unit Council included several offices and departments Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy
Administrative unit health care Head, Director, of Operational District (OD). Committee member for women and child sector Ministry of health, Provincial health department
Population 82,888 15,577,899
Population density (persons/km2) 318.8 86.0
% rural 100% 79%
Ethnicity Khmer 98%, Vietnamese 2% Khmer 97.6%, Cham 1.2%, Chinese 0.1% Vietnamese 0.1%, other 0.9%
Language Khmer Khmer
Religion Predominantly Buddhism Buddhism 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8%
Literacy 80% 73.9%
% households with functioning latrine 50% 42.4%
% households with clean water supply 40%a 75.5%b
% households with electricity supply 90% 31.1%
Major economic activities Agriculture, fishing Agriculture, apparel industry, tourism
Life expectancy 65–70 years 71.7 years
Total fertility rate 2.6 2.8
HIV prevalence 0.2% 0.6%
  1. aNeed to be boiled before drinking, can be used directly for cooking and bath
  2. bImproved water source