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Table 4 Perceived helpfulness of interventions for psychosis vignette ‘Saed’ (n = 83)

From: Mental health literacy of school nurses in the United Arab Emirates

Treatments and activities Helpful Harmful Neither Most helpfula
Psychotherapy focusing on changing thoughts and behaviors (cognitive behavior therapy) 82.3 1.3 16.5 41.4
Admission to a psychiatric hospital 46.6 9.6 43.8 17.1
Getting information about the problem and available services 78.8 5.0 16.3 8.6
Psychotherapy focusing on causes that stem from the past 73.4 2.5 24.1 7.1
Reading the Koran or Bible 72.2 2.5 25.3 5.7
Relaxation (e.g. having a massage) 48.7 1.3 50.0 4.3
Psychotherapy focusing on relationships with others 72.5 3.8 23.8 2.9
Just talking about the problem (e.g. to a family member or close friend) 62.5 11.3 26.3 2.9
Have a prayer session or reading with a religious leader 51.9 2.5 45.6 2.9
Hypnosis 28.9 10.5 60.5 2.9
Getting out and about more/finding some new hobbies 61.3 2.5 36.3 1.4
Reading a self-help book 42.9 9.1 48.1 1.4
Trying to deal with the problem on her own 25.3 25.3 49.4 1.4
Improving diet and/or getting more exercise 40.0 2.5 57.5 0.0
Traditional therapies (e.g. herbs, honey, black cumin seed, olive oil, dates, cupping—Hijama) 20.3 10.1 69.6 0.0
Drinking alcohol to relax 3.8 77.2 19.0 0.0
Medicine type
 Anti-psychotic medication (e.g. seroquel) 64.0 6.7 29.3 41.9
 Anti-depressant medication (e.g. prozac) 57.9 7.9 34.2 35.5
 Medication to help you relax (e.g. xanax, valium) 51.9 7.6 40.5 16.1
 Vitamins and minerals (e.g. vitamin C) 43.6 5.1 51.3 6.5
Person/service
 Psychiatrist 77.8 7.4 14.8 46.6
 Psychologist 74.1 4.9 21.0 27.4
 Community mental health worker/team (e.g. social worker, mental health nurse) 60.8 7.6 31.6 5.5
 Close male friend 49.4 7.6 43.0 5.5
 Family member 60.8 3.8 35.4 4.1
 Religious person or priest 47.5 5.0 47.5 2.7
 Family or local doctor 41.3 6.3 52.5 2.7
 Community religious organization 34.6 6.4 59.0 2.7
 Close female friend 30.4 6.3 63.3 1.4
 Telephone counselling 22.8 8.9 68.4 1.4
 Homeland social group/club 46.1 6.6 47.4 0.0
  1. aPercentage of sample rating the specific intervention item as ‘the most helpful’ for treating problem described in vignette (only one choice per category for each participant)