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Table 4 Participants’ mental health literacy levels

From: Improving the capacity of community-based workers in Australia to provide initial assistance to Iraqi refugees with mental health problems: an uncontrolled evaluation of a Mental Health Literacy Course

Variables Pre-training Post-training Follow-up Cohen’s d for Pre versus post OR for pre versus post Cohen’s d for pre versus follow-up OR for pre versus follow-up
Knowledge related to PTSD
 Problem recognised as ‘PTSD’ (%)a 56.900 76.500 75.1 3.540 * 3.220*
 Problem recognised as ‘anxiety’ (%)a 15.600 33.700 18.8 2.940* 1.250
 Problem recognised as a ‘general mental health problem’ (%)a 72.300 96.300 80.2 11.970*** 1.730
 Knowledge of helpfulness of interventions (mean, SD) 5.930 (2.140) 7.500 (1.730) 6.47 (2.23) 0.800*** 0.240
 Social Distance Scale (mean, SD) 10.050 (3.590) 9.330 (3.160) 8.56 (3.01) 0.210** 0.440***
 Stigma (mean, SD):
  Weak-not-sick subscale 6.820 (.980) 5.990 (2.490) 5.95 (2.78) 0.430*** 0.480
  Dangerous/unpredictable subscale 11.220 (3.000) 9.730 (3.130) 9.99 (3.06) 0.480*** 0.400
 Offer help (mean, SD): 5.880 (1.780) 5.900 (2.020) 6.15 (1.84) 0.010 0.140
 Confidence helping (mean, SD): 3.140 (1.230) 3.940 (0.940) 3.75 (1.05) 0.730*** 0.530***
 Helping intentions mean, SD)b 3.650 (1.620) 4.800 (2.260) 4.18 (1.78) 0.590*** 0.310
Knowledge related to depression
 Problem recognised as ‘depression’ (%)a 28.400 39.50 45.100 1.730 2.080
 Problem recognised as a ‘general mental health problem’ (%)a 79.700 98.80 95.600 18.990** 1.040
 Knowledge of helpfulness of interventions (mean, SD) 8.170 (2.970) 10.79 (2.22) 9.310 (3.000) 0.990*** 0.380**
 Social Distance Scale (mean, SD) 9.360 (3.190) 9.32 (3.18) 8.220 (3.110) 0.010 0.360**
 Stigma—depression vignette (mean, SD)
  Weak-not-sick subscale 6.690 (2.850) 6.14 (2.47) 6.220 (2.760) 0.200* 0.160
  Dangerous/unpredictable subscale 9.480 (3.260) 9.220 (2.910) 9.460 (3.320) 0.080 0.000
 Offer help (mean, SD): 5.880 (1.780) 5.900 (2.020) 6.150 (1.840) 0.010 0.140
 Confidence helping (mean, SD) 3.370 (1.040) 4.110 (.770) 3.640 (.880) 0.800*** 0.280**
 Helping intentions (mean, SD)b 3.390 (1.590) 5 (2.360) 3.470 (1.910) 0.800*** 0.040
General mental health knowledge
 Mental Health First Aid knowledge quiz (mean, SD) 10.020 (2.200) 12.030 (2.050) 8.980 (2.110) 0.940*** − 0.840 ***
Helping behaviors towards an Iraqi refugees with mental health problems (n = 16)   (n = 16)     
 ALGEE total score (mean, SD)b 3.250 (1.160) 3.450 (1.950) 0.120
  1. aMultiple responses were permitted
  2. bApproach the person, assess and assist with any crisis, listen non-judgmentally, give support and information, encourage appropriate professional help and encourage other supports
  3. * P < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001