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Table 3 Comparison of chronic illness anticipated stigma among patients with and without anxiety and depressive symptoms

From: Utilization of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine and mental health among patients with chronic diseases in primary health care settings in Cambodia

  Total anxiety score Total depression score
< 8 ≥ 8 P value* < 8 ≥ 8 P value*
Friends/family members will think that your illness is your fault    < 0.001    0.09
 No 432 (32.0) 916 (68.0)   190 (14.1) 1158 (85.9)  
 Yes 21 (11.7) 159 (88.3)   17 (9.4) 163 (90.6)  
Friends/family members will not think as highly of you    < 0.001    0.13
 No 433 (31.2) 956 (68.8)   194 (14.0) 1195 (86.0)  
 Yes 20 (14.4) 919 (85.6)   13 (9.4) 126 (90.6)  
Friends/family members will blame you    < 0.001    0.02
 No 434 (31.9) 926 (68.1)   194 (14.3) 1166 (85.7)  
 Yes 19 (11.3) 149 (88.7)   13 (7.7) 155 (92.3)  
Friends/family members will be angry with you    < 0.001    0.02
 No 437 (31.9) 934 (68.1)   195 (14.2) 1176 (85.8)  
 Yes 16 (10.2) 141 (89.8)   12 (7.6) 145 (92.4)  
Someone at work will think that you cannot fulfill your work    0.03    0.19
 No 449 (30.0) 1046 (70.0)   200 (13.4) 1295 (86.6)  
 Yes 4 (12.1) 21 (87.9)   7 (21.2) 26 (78.8)  
Your employer will assign a project to someone else    0.14    0.03
 No 448 (29.9) 1113 (70.8)   199 (13.3) 1300 (86.7)  
 Yes 5 (17.2) 24 (82.8)   8 (27.6) 21 (72.4)  
Someone at work will discriminate against you    0.03    0.06
 No 450 (30.0) 1051 (70.0)   200 (13.3) 1301 (86.7)  
 Yes 3 (11.1) 24 (88.9)   7 (25.9) 24 (74.1)  
Your employer will not promote you    0.07    0.03
 No 450 (29.9) 1053 (70.1)   200 (13.3) 1303 (86.7)  
 Yes 3 (12.0) 22 (88.0)   7 (28.0) 18 (72.0)  
Healthcare workers will blame you for not getting better 0.03    0.89
 No 440 (30.2) 1017 (69.8)   197 (13.5) 1260 (86.5)  
 Yes 13 (18.3) 58 (81.7)   10 (14.1) 61 (85.9)  
Healthcare worker will be frustrated with you    0.18    0.57
 No 432 (30.0) 1006 (70.0)   193 (13.4) 1245 (86.6)  
 Yes 21 (23.3) 69 (76.7)   14 (18.6) 76 (84.4)  
Healthcare workers will give you poor care    0.11    0.70
 No 441 (30.0) 1028 (70.0)   200 (13.6) 1269 (86.4)  
 Yes 12 (20.3) 47 (79.7)   7 (11.9) 52 (88.1)  
Healthcare workers will think that you are a bad patient    0.03    0.70
 No 443 (30.2) 1026 (69.8)   200 (13.6) 1269 (86.4)  
 Yes 10 (16.9) 49 (83.1)   7 (11.9) 52 (88.1)  
  1. Values are number of cases (%)
  2. * Chi square test (or Fisher’s exact test when a cell count was smaller than five) was used