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Table 1 Comparison of socio-demographic characteristics of chronic disease patients with and without anxiety and depressive symptoms

From: Utilization of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine and mental health among patients with chronic diseases in primary health care settings in Cambodia

Socio-demographic characteristics Total anxiety score Total depression score
< 8 ≥ 8 P value* < 8 ≥ 8 P value*
Age    0.004    < 0.001
 21–30 198 (35.4) 361 (64.6)   153 (27.4) 406 (72.6)  
 31–40 4 (16.7) 20 (83.3)   4 (16.7) 20 (83.3)  
 41–50 73 (26.6) 201 (73.4)   21 (7.7) 253 (92.3)  
 51–60 97 (25.8) 279 (74.2)   20 (5.3) 356 (94.7)  
 > 60 21 (27.5) 214 (72.5)   9 (3.1) 286 (96.9)  
Sex    < 0.001    0.69
 Male 152 (43.6) 197 (56.4)   45 (12.9) 304 (87.1)  
 Female 301 (25.5) 878 (81.7)   162 (13.7) 1017 (86.3)  
Marital status    0.001    < 0.001
 Never married 51 (44.0) 65 (56.0)   50 (43.1) 66 (56.9)  
 Married 342 (29.5) 817 (70.5)   144 (12.4) 1015 (87.6)  
 Separated/divorced 14 (21.5) 51 (78.5)   8 (12.3) 58 (87.7)  
 Widowed 46 (24.5) 142 (75.5)   5 (2.7) 183 (97.3)  
Formal education completed    < 0.001    < 0.001
 No schooling 104 (22.1) 366 (77.9)   35 (7.4) 435 (92.6)  
 1–5 years 147 (28.6) 367 (71.4)   55 (10.7) 459 (89.3)  
 6–9 years 120 (35.8) 216 (64.3)   54 (16.1) 282 (83.9)  
 10–12 years 53 (34.4) 101 (65.6)   27 (17.5) 127 (82.5)  
 Higher education 27 (53.7) 26 (46.3)   36 (66.7) 18 (33.3)  
Current employment    < 0.001    < 0.001
 Housewife/homemaker 217 (29.6) 577 (70.4)   72 (9.8) 662 (90.2)  
 Unemployed/retired 13 (24.1) 41 (75.9)   6 (11.1) 48 (88.9)  
 Employed 106 (35.6) 192 (64.4)   36 (12.1) 262 (87.9)  
 Self-employed 69 (33.7) 136 (66.3)   51 (24.9) 154 (75.1)  
 Students 23 (43.4) 30 (56.6)   32 (60.4) 21 (39.6)  
 Other 25 (13.6) 159 (86.4)   10 (5.4) 174 (94.6)  
Main source of household income    < 0.001    < 0.001
 Formal salary 47 (34.6) 89 (65.4)   9 (6.6) 127 (93.4)  
 Family support 261 (31.1) 578 (68.9)   125 (14.9) 714 (85.1)  
 NGO support 59 (43.4) 77 (56.6)   46 (33.8) 90 (66.2)  
 Government support 18 (29.0) 44 (71.0)   14 (22.6) 48 (77.4)  
 Other 68 (19.2) 287 (80.8)   13 (3.7) 342 (96.3)  
Type of neighborhood    < 0.001    < 0.001
 Rural 237 (24.9) 713 (75.1)   34 (3.6) 916 (96.4)  
 Urban 216 (37.4) 362 (62.6)   173 (29.9) 405 (70.1)  
  1. Values are number of cases (%) for categorical variables and mean (± SD) for continuous variables
  2. SD standard deviation
  3. * Chi square test was used for categorical variables and t test for continuous variables