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Table 3 Factors associated with 12 months suicidality (dependent variable) in people with epilepsy (n = 298)

From: Help seeking and suicidality among people with epilepsy in a rural low income country setting: cross-sectional survey

Characteristic (independent variables) Suicidality number (%) Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Crude odds ratio (OR) for suicidality 95% Confidence interval (CI) Adjusted OR for suicidality 95% CI
Age (in years)   1.01 0.99, 1.02 0.99 0.95, 1.02
Gender
 Male 44 (14.7) 1.00   1.00  
 Female 46 (15.4) 1.78 1.08, 2.93 1.61 0.87, 2.98
Marital status
 Single 33 (11.1) 1.00   1  
 Married 46 (15.4) 1.76 1.04, 3.00 2.75 1.19, 6.35
 Formerly married 11 (3.6) 1.75 0.76, 4.02 1.56 0.46, 5.26
Relative wealth
 Average and above 21 (7) 1.00   1.00  
 Poor 49 (16.4) 2.04 1.14, 3.72 1.64 0.80, 3.33
 Very poor 19 (6.4) 2.42 1.15, 5.10 2.67 1.07, 6.68
Education
 No formal 56 (18.8) 1.00    
 Formal education 34 (11.4) 0.89 0.53, 1.48   
Area of residence
 Urban 9 (3) 1.00    
 Rural 81 (27.2) 0.90 0.39, 2.08   
Family size   0.94 0.83, 1.06 1.03 0.84, 1.27
Duration of travel to reach the nearby health center (minutes)
 0–30 33 (11.1) 1.00    
 31–120 43 (14.4) 1.16 0.68, 1.98 0.89 0.47, 1.72
 >120 13 (4.4) 1.71 0.77, 3.83 1.16 0.42, 3.15
DUE (in months)
 0–23.99 38 (12.8) 1.00   1.00  
 24–636 40 (13.4) 0.85 0.50, 1.44 3.24 0.56, 18.86
Biomedical treatment
 Yes 68 (22.8) 1.00    
 No 22 (7.4) 1.20 0.68, 2.11   
Epilepsy severity (total NHS3 score)
 FS   1.09 0.99, 1.19   
 GTC   1.03 0.97, 1.12   
Depressive symptoms (total PHQ-9 score)   1.18 1.11, 1.25 1.17 1.10, 1.26
Use of alcohol
 No use 64 (21.5) 1.00    
 Hazardous 17 (5.7) 1.31 0.68, 2.54   
 Harmful 2 (0.7) 0.80 0.16, 4.05   
 Dependent 7 (2.3) 0.93 0.37, 2.33   
  1. AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, NHS3 national hospital severity scale, PHQ-9 patient health questionnaire, DUE duration of untreated epilepsy, GTC generalized tonic seizure, FS focal seizure, HC health centre