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Table 5 Association between CMD and substance use habit and health complaints, April 2015

From: Common mental disorder and its association with academic performance among Debre Berhan University students, Ethiopia

Variables CMD (K10 score ≥7) Bivariate regression model Multiple regression model
No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI)
Cigarettes smoking
 No 136 (36.8) 234 (63.2)     
 Yes (with any frequency) 7 (38.9) 11 (61.1) 0.83 0.9 (0.34, 2.38) 0.95 1.1 (0.23, 4.85)
Khat chewing
 No 130 (36.3) 228 (63.7)     
 Yes (with any frequency) 13 (43.3) 17 (56.7) 0.42 0.7 (0.33, 1.58) 0.39 0.6 (0.15, 2.12)
Alcohol drinking
 Never 98 (44.1) 124 (55.9)     
 Less than once per month 24 (24.0) 76 (76.0) 0.001 2.5 (1.49, 4.35) 0.01 2.7 (1.33, 5.66)
 More than once per month 21 (31.8) 45 (68.2) 0.05 1.8 (0.99, 3.23) 0.04 2.4 (1.02, 5.86)
Headache
 Yes 27 (17.9) 124 (82.1) <0.001 4.4 (2.70, 7.23) 0.02 2.1 (1.10, 3.86)
 No 116 (48.9) 121 (51.1)     
Back pain
 Yes 11 (15.3) 61 (84.7) <0.001 3.6 (1.85, 7.15) 0.05 2.3 (1.00, 5.19)
 No 132 (41.8) 184 (58.2)     
Fever
 Yes 29 (20.6) 112 (79.4) <0.001 3.2 (1.96, 5.11) 0.08 1.7 (0.92, 3.14)
 No 114 (46.2) 133 (53.8)     
Other complaintsa
 Yes 9 (11.5) 69 (88.5) <0.001 5.5 (2.65, 11.24) 0.002 3.9 (1.67, 9.07)
 No 134 (43.2) 176 (56.8)     
Suicidal thought
 Yes 4 (18.2) 18 (81.8) 0.07 2.8 (0.92, 8.41) 0.35 0.5 (0.13, 2.06)
 No 139 (38.0) 227 (62.0)     
Insomnia
 No 86 (57.7) 63 (42.3)     
 Yes 57 (23.8) 182 (76.2) <0.001 4.4 (2.81, 6.77) <0.001 3.8 (2.21, 6.57)
  1. aPain, respiratory disease, gastrointestinal disease, renal disease, and other (anemia, hypertension, fungal infection of the hair, heart problem, ear problem, sadness, hopelessness, fatigue, lack of interest, stress, anxiousness, happiness, and depression)