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Table 4 Association between CMD and socio-demographic characteristics, April 2015

From: Common mental disorder and its association with academic performance among Debre Berhan University students, Ethiopia

Variables CMD (K10 score ≥7) Bivariate regression model Multiple regression model
No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 110 (36.2) 194 (63.8)     
 Female 33 (39.3) 51 (60.7) 0.63 0.9 (0.54, 1.45) 0.47 1.3 (0.64, 2.58)
Field of study
 Natural and computational science 14 (27.5) 37 (72.5)     
 Agricultural science 7 (29.2) 17 (70.8) 0.88 1.0 (0.31, 2.69) 0.34 0.5 (0.14, 1.97)
 Business and economics 16 (27.1) 43 (72.9) 0.97 1.0 (0.44, 2.36) 0.15 0.5 (0.17, 1.33)
 Computer science and IT 8 (32.0) 17 (68.0) 0.68 0.8 (0.28, 2.28) 0.13 0.4 (0.09, 1.37)
 Engineering 73 (42.7) 98 (57.3) 0.05 0.5 (0.26, 1.01) 0.05 0.4 (0.12, 0.99)
 Humanity and social science 13 (36.1) 23 (63.9) 0.39 0.7 (0.27, 1.67) 0.07 0.4 (0.11, 1.07)
 Othersa 12 (54.5) 10 (45.5) 0.03 0.3 (0.11, 0.89) 0.01 0.2 (0.04, 0.61)
Batch
 1st year 27 (30.3) 62 (69.7) 0.12 1.6 (0.88, 2.85) 0.57 0.7 (0.22, 2.35)
 2nd year 41 (41.0) 59 (59.0) 0.98 1.0 (0.58, 1.72) 0.27 0.6 (0.23, 1.50)
 3rd year 24 (34.3) 46 (65.7) 0.37 1.3 (0.71, 2.46) 0.67 0.8 (0.27, 2.32)
 4th year 4 (28.6) 10 (71.4) 0.39 1.7 (0.51, 5.84) 0.72 1.4 (0.24, 8.01)
 5th year 47 (40.9) 68 (59.1)     
Ethnicity
 Amhara 95 (33.8) 186 (66.2)     
 Oromo 23 (48.9) 24 (51.1) 0.05 0.5 (0.29, 1.01) 0.08 0.5 (0.22, 1.09)
 Othersb 25 (41.7) 35 (58.3) 0.32 0.7 (0.42, 1.33) 0.30 0.6 (0.29, 1.47)
Religion
 Orthodox Christian 118 (35.8) 212 (64.2)     
 Protestant 15 (48.4) 16 (51.6) 0.14 0.6 (0.27, 1.20) 0.83 0.9 (0.31, 2.56)
 Othersc 10 (37.0) 17 (63.0) 0.86 0.9 (0.40, 2.14) 0.10 2.6 (0.82, 8.54)
Worshiping
 Frequently (daily) 73 (42.7) 98 (57.3)     
 Less frequently 63 (32.0) 134 (68.0) 0.04 1.5 (1.02, 2.39) 0.04 1.8 (1.02, 3.35)
 Never 7 (35.0) 13 (65.0) 0.52 1.4 (0.52, 3.60) 0.91 0.9 (0.28, 3.13)
Marital status
 Single 108 (36.4) 189 (63.6)     
 In relationship 22 (33.8) 43 (66.2) 0.49 1.2 (0.68, 2.21) 0.84 1.1 (0.50, 2.31)
 Othersd 13 (50.0) 13 (50.0) 0.17 0.6 (0.25, 1.27) 0.31 1.8 (0.58, 5.35)
Additional work
 Yese 9 (30.0) 21 (70.0) 0.37 1.5 (0.64, 3.38) 0.48 1.5 (0.50, 4.30)
 No 134 (37.4) 224 (62.6)     
 Age    0.10 1.0 (0.81, 1.02) 0.16 0.9 (0.72, 1.06)
  1. aLaw, Health Science and Medicine
  2. bTigray, Gurage, Agaw, Sidama, Afar, Awi, Wolayita, Gamo, Silte, Hadiya, Konso and Gedeo
  3. cCatholic, Adventist and Apostolic church
  4. dDivorce and married
  5. eWood work, university police, daily laborer, helping family, pool keeping, guider, driver, farming, religious education, construction forman, any kind of work, merchant and teacher