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Table 2 Factors associated with depression among patients in snakebite wards, General Hospital Kaltungo, 2016

From: Predictors of depression among patients receiving treatment for snakebite in General Hospital, Kaltungo, Gombe State, Nigeria: August 2015

Characteristicsa Mild depression OR 95% CI P value
Yes No
Past household history of snakebite
 Yes 11 (22.4) 38 (77.6) 2.7 1.1 6.11 0.05
 No 14 (10.1) 124 (89.9)     
Worried about time loss
 Yes 3 (5.2) 55 (94.8) 0.3 0.1 0.93 0.05
 No 22 (17.1) 107 (82.9)     
Herdsmen
 Yes 1 (2.0) 48 (98.0) 0.1 0.01 0.75 0.01
 No 24 (17.4) 114 (82.6)     
Student
 Yes 4 (33.3) 8 (66.7) 3.7 1.02 13.24 0.09
 No 21 (12.0) 154 (88.0)     
Had complication following snake bite
 Yes 7 (28.0) 18 (72.0) 3.1 1.14 8.47 0.05
 No 18 (11.1) 144 (88.9)     
Moderate depression
  Yes No Mean diff 95% CI P value
Total treatment cost
Mean (Std. Dev)
19,082.9 (10,174.5) 11,332.5 (11,298.9) 7750.3 1681.5 13,819.2 0.02
Severe depression
  Yes No OR or Mean diff 95% CI P value  
Worried about financial loss
 Yes 7 (10.8) 58 (89.2) 14.6 1.75 121.49 <0.00
 No 1 (0.8) 121 (99.2)     
Worried about time loss
 Yes 6 (10.3) 52 (89.7) 7.3 1.43 37.49 0.02
 No 2 (1.6) 127 (98.4)     
Worried about family welfare (feeding)
 Yes 5 (35.7) 9 (64.3) 31.5 6.48 152.93 <0.00
 No 3 (1.7) 170 (98.3)     
Past history of snakebite
 Yes 5 (14.3) 30 (85.7) 8.3 1.88 36.51 <0.00
 No 3 (2.0) 149 (98.0)     
Mean household monthly income (Std. dev) 11,272 (10,992) 36,341 (41,613) −25,069 −35,509 −14,630 <0.00
  1. a Only statistically significant characteristics shown