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Table 9 Mental health differences in German and Luxembourgish university students

From: Sleep disturbances and mental strain in university students: results from an online survey in Luxembourg and Germany

Variable German university students
M (SD)
Luxembourgish university students
M (SD)
Significancea
PSQI—sleep quality 7.20 (3.66) 7.79 (4.03) F (1, 2593) = .716; p = .389
ESS—daytime sleepiness 8.34 (3.69) 7.49 (4.26) F (1, 2593) = .045; p = .831
MEQ—chronotype 46.11 (9.52) 47.21 (9.27) F (1, 2593) = 1.274; p = .259
PHQ-9—depression 7.27 (4.81) 7.50 (4.79) F (1, 2593) = .227; p = .599
PHQ—stress 5.13 (3.21) 5.19 (3.20) F (1, 2593) = .031; p = .861
SIAS—social phobia 23.65 (10.61) 24.67 (11.10) F (1, 2593) = 1.913; p = .167
PAF—test-anxiety 44.56 (6.57) 45.54 (6.79) F (1, 2593) = 3.090; p = .079
SWE—self-efficacy 28.44 (4.92) 28.45 (4.62) F (1, 2593) = .017; p = .897
  1. aAccording to MANOVA; M mean; SD standard deviation