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Table 2 Results of bivariate analyses of association between household characteristics and maternal CMD

From: Maternal common mental disorders and associated factors: a cross-sectional study in an urban slum area of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Characteristics Maternal CMD p value OR (95% CI)
No Yes
N (%) N (%)
Socioeconomic status
 Lowera 81 (47.5) 89 (52.5) 0.004  
 Lower middle 45 (60.0) 30 (40.0) 0.61 (0.35–1.05)
 Upper middle 16 (84.2) 3 (15.8) 0.17 (0.05–0.61)
Household food security
 Food securea 27 (79.4) 7 (20.6) <0.001  
 Mildly food insecure 46 (73.0) 17 (27.0) 1.43 (0.52–3.88)
 Moderately food insecure 62 (44.6) 77 (55.4) 4.79 (1.96–11.74)
 Severely food insecure 7 (25.0) 21 (75.0) 11.57 (3.51–38.14)
Monthly family income in BDT
 Mean ± SD 11,542 ± 5923 9492 ± 4049 0.001ˆ  
Family type
 Nuclear familya 113 (51.6) 106 (48.4) 0.115  
 Joint family 29 (64.4) 16 (35.6) 0.59 (0.30–1.14)
Family size
 Smalla 87 (55.4) 70 (44.6) 0.753  
 Medium 41 (52.6) 37 (47.4) 1.12 (0.65–1.93)
 Large 14 (48.3) 15 (51.7) 1.33 (0.60–2.93)
No. of under five children
 One childa 129 (56.1) 101 (43.9) 0.051  
 More than one 13 (38.2) 21 (61.8) 2.06 (0.985–4.32)
  1. χ2 test, ˆt test
  2. aReference group