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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of the youth who participated

From: Screening for substance use and mental health problems in a cross-sectoral sample of Canadian youth

  Male Female Totala,b
Age—M (SD) 17.2 (2.8) 16.6 (2.5) 16.9 (2.6)
 12–15 years old—n (%) 297 (27.8%) 424 (34.8%) 721 (31.5%)
 16–18 years old 485 (45.4%) 559 (45.9%) 1044 (45.7%)
 19–24 years old 269 (25.2%) 231 (19.0%) 500 (21.9%)
 Missing 17 (1.6%) 4 (0.3%) 21 (0.9%)
Ethnicity—n (%)
 White/European 800 (74.9%) 877 (72.0%) 1677 (73.4%)
 Aboriginal 92 (8.6%) 123 (10.1%) 215 (9.4%)
 Black 20 (1.9%) 43 (3.5%) 63 (2.8%)
 Latin American 11 (1.0%) 2 (0.2%) 13 (0.6%)
 Asian 4 (0.4%) 4 (0.3%) 8 (0.3%)
 Multiple 54 (5.1%) 68 (5.6%) 122 (5.3%)
 Other, don’t know 54 (5.1%) 57 (4.7%) 111 (4.9%)
 Missing 33 (3.1%) 44 (3.6%) 77 (3.4%)
Highest education—n (%)
 Grade 8 or less 176 (16.5%) 231 (19.0%) 407 (17.8%)
 Some high school 737 (69.0%) 843 (69.2%) 1580 (69.1%)
 High school diploma 94 (8.8%) 94 (7.7%) 188 (8.2%)
 Some post-secondary 19 (1.8%) 11 (0.9%) 30 (1.3%)
 Post-secondary diploma/certificate 20 (1.9%) 20 (1.6%) 40 (1.7%)
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 5 (0.5%) 2 (0.2%) 7 (0.3%)
 Other 6 (0.6%) 6 (0.5%) 12 (0.5%)
 Missing 11 (1.0%) 11 (0.9%) 22 (1.0%)
Employment status—n (%)
 Full time 69 (6.5%) 35 (2.9%) 104 (4.5%)
 Part time 124 (11.6%) 118 (9.7%) 242 (10.6%)
 Unemployed 274 (25.7%) 268 (22.0%) 542 (23.7%)
 Student 515 (48.2%) 718 (58.9%) 1233 (53.9%)
 Apprenticeship 4 (0.4%) 2 (0.2%) 6 (0.3%)
 Other 17 (1.6%) 21 (1.7%) 38 (1.7%)
 Missing/unknown 65 (6.1%) 56 (4.6%) 121 (5.3%)
First language English—n (%) yes 985 (92.2%) 1124 (92.3%) 2109 (92.3%)
 Missing 36 (3.4%) 30 (2.5%) 66 (2.9%)
Born in Canada—n (%) yes 1021 (95.6%) 1163 (95.5%) 2184 (95.5%)
 Missing 18 (1.7%) 30 (2.5%) 48 (2.1%)
Unstable/high risk housing—n (%) yes 186 (17.4%) 142 (11.7%) 328 (14.3%)
 Missing 32 (3.0%) 27 (2.2%) 59 (2.6%)
Legal involvement—n (%) yes
 In the last 12 months 458 (42.9%) 219 (18.0%) 677 (29.6%)
 More than a year ago 130 (12.2%) 109 (8.9%) 239 (10.5%)
 Missing 34 (3.2%) 50 (4.1%) 84 (3.7%)
  1. Sample sizes vary due to missing data
  2. aParticipants identifying as “trans” were removed from these analyses due to a small sample size (n = 6)
  3. b N = 21 cases were missing data for the gender variable and were excluded from the analyses