Skip to main content

Table 2 Factors associated with psychological morbidity among patients with hypertension on follow up at JUTH during April 2014 to September 2015

From: Psychological morbidity and substance use among patients with hypertension: a hospital-based cross-sectional survey from South West Ethiopia

Variables Psychological morbidity p value OR 95% CI
Yes
N (%)
No
N (%)
Lower Upper
Gender
 Male 50 (29.6) 119 (70.4)   Reference   
 Female 75 (33.0) 152 (67.0) 0.47 1.17 0.76 1.81
Age 0.47 1.17 0.76 1.81
Marital status
 Single 15 (65.2) 8 (34.8) 0.001 4.78 1.95 11.67
 Married 86 (28.2) 219 (71.8)   Reference   
 Divorced/widowed 24 (35.3) 44 (64.7) 0.25 1.39 0.80 2.42
Educational status
 Illiterate 55 (36.7) 95 (63.3)   Reference   
 Read and write 19 (20.9) 72 (79.1) 0.01 0.46 0.25 0.84
 Primary school 23 (34.3) 44 (65.7) 0.74 0.93 0.49 1.65
 Secondary/tertiary school 28 (31.8) 60 (68.2) 0.45 0.81 0.46 1.41
Occupation
 Farmer 29 (31.9) 62 (68.1) 0.88 1.05 0.57 1.92
 Teacher 5 (26.3) 14 (73.7) 0.69 0.80 0.27 2.41
 Merchant 21 (41.2) 30 (58.8) 0.20 1.57 0.79 3.14
 Housewife 28 (30.1) 65 (69.9) 0.91 0.97 0.53 1.77
 Daily laborer 33 (30.8) 74 (69.2)   Reference   
 Others 9 (25.7) 26 (74.3) 0.57 0.78 0.33 1.84
Religion
 Orthodox 51 (33.8) 100 (66.2)   Reference   
 Muslim 58 (30.2) 134 (69.8) 0.48 0.85 0.54 1.34
 Protestant 12 (29.3) 29 (70.7) 0.59 0.81 0.38 1.72
 Others 4 (33.3) 8 (66.7) 0.98 0.98 0.28 3.41
Place of residence
 Rural 41 (34.7) 77 (65.3) 0.38 1.23 0.78 1.94
 Urban 84 (30.2) 194 (69.8)   Reference   
Hypertension is curable disease
 Yes 101 (31.9) 216 (68.1)   Reference   
 No 24 (30.4) 55 (69.6) 0.80 0.93 0.55 1.59
Hypertension is deadly disease
 Yes 110 (31) 245 (69.0) 0.47 0.78 0.40 1.53
 No 15 (36.6) 26 (63.4)   Reference   
Hypertension medication is habit forming
 Yes 78 (31.2) 172 (68.8) 0.84 1.05 0.68 1.62
 No 47 (32.2) 99 (67.8)   Reference   
Ever discontinuation of medication
 Yes 28 (41.8) 39 (58.2) 0.05 1.72 1.00 2.95
 No 97 (29.5) 232 (70.5)   Reference   
Regular exercise
 Yes 90 (31.8) 193 (68.2)   Reference   
 No 35 (31.0) 78 (69.0) 0.87 0.92 0.60 1.54
Salt consumption
 Yes 79 (30.4) 181 (69.6) 0.87 1.04 0.65 1.66
 No 46 (33.8) 90 (66.2)   Reference   
History of mental illness
 Yes 9 (45.0) 11 (55.0) 0.49 0.85 0.55 1.33
 No 116 (30.9) 260 (69.1)   Reference   
Years lived with hypertension
 <3 years 34 (25.8) 98 (74.2)   Reference   
 3 to <5 years 31 (35.6) 56 (64.4) 1.19 1.60 0.89 2.87
 5 to <10 years 39 (37.1) 66 (62.9) 0.06 1.70 0.98 2.63
 10 years and more 21 (29.2) 51 (70.8) 0.60 1.19 0.63 2.25