Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations between intervention plans and employment outcomes by diagnostic category

From: Psychotherapeutic and work-oriented interventions: employment outcomes among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder

Diagnostic category Planned intervention Starting employment during follow-up Being employed at the end of the follow-up
n (cases) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 n (cases) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
  Psycho-therapeutic intervention (PI) vs. neither
Psychosis Neither 235 (79) 1.00   1.00   1.00   235 (28) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
PI 31 (19) 2.57 (1.54–4.30) 2.50 (1.47–4.26) 2.15 (1.25–3.69) 31 (3) 0.70 (0.19–2.50) 0.57 (0.15–2.10) 0.45 (0.12–1.72)
Depression Neither 174 (79 1.00   1.00   1.00   174 (36) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
PI 151 (89) 1.37 (1.01–1.86) 1.27 (0.92–1.75) 1.34 (0.97–1.86) 151 (55) 2.09 (1.27–3.46) 1.84 (1.09–3.11) 1.84 (1.08–3.15)
Bipolar disorder Neither 79 (43) 1.00   1.00   1.00   79 (20) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
PI 38 (25) 1.15 (0.70–1.89) 1.09 (0.66–1.79) 1.16 (0.69–1.93) 38 (10) 0.99 (0.40–2.44) 1.01 (0.40–2.52) 1.05 (0.42–2.66)
Other disorder Neither 52 (22) 1.00   1.00   1.00   52 (11) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
PI 30 (15) 1.14 (0.58–2.25) 1.04 (0.51–2.10) 0.57 (0.26–1.25) 30 (8) 1.27 (0.42–3.85) 1.19 (0.37–3.84) 0.89 (0.25–3.17)
  Work-oriented intervention (WI) vs. neither
Psychosis Neither 235 (79) 1.00   1.00   1.00   235 (28) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
WI 113 (50) 1.51 (1.06–2.17) 1.58 (1.09–2.27) 1.40 (0.97–2.03) 113 (17) 1.42 (0.73–2.75) 1.33 (0.67–2.62) 1.18 (0.59–2.37)
Depression Neither 174 (79) 1.00   1.00   1.00   174 (36) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
WI 83 (44) 1.20 (0.83–1.74) 1.20 (0.82–1.75) 1.26 (0.87–1.84) 83 (24) 1.56 (0.85–2.86) 1.41 (0.76–2.62) 1.49 (0.78–2.86)
Bipolar disorder Neither 79 (43) 1.00   1.00   1.00   79 (20) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
WI 37 (23) 1.46 (0.86–2.48) 1.33 (0.78–2.27) 1.17 (0.67–2.03) 37 (5) 0.51 (0.17–1.52) 0.47 (0.15–1.43) 0.47 (0.15–1.44)
Other disorder Neither 52 (22) 1.00   1.00   1.00   52 (11) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
WI 30 (9) 0.71 (0.33–1.57) 0.62 (0.27–1.45) 0.51 (0.21–1.25) 30 (4) 0.51 (0.14–1.86) 0.57 (0.15–2.13) 0.49 (0.11–2.17)
  Both interventions vs. neither
Psychosis Neither 235 (79) 1.00   1.00   1.00   235 (28) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Both 21 (11) 1.60 (0.85–3.03) 1.64 (0.87–3.11) 1.72 (0.91–3.27) 21 (4) 1.80 (0.60–5.81) 1.81 (0.55–5.98) 1.96 (0.58–6.62)
Depression Neither 174 (79) 1.00   1.00   1.00   174 (36) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Both 51 (32) 1.49 (0.98–2.25) 1.38 (0.90–2.13) 1.28 (0.82–1.99) 51 (19) 2.24 (1.13–4.46) 1.79 (0.87–3.65) 1.66 (0.77–3.58)
Bipolar disorder Neither 79 (43) 1.00   1.00   1.00   79 (20) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Both 13 (6) 0.96 (0.39–2.36) 1.43 (0.75–2.75) 0.66 (0.27–1.64) 13 (5) 2.37 (0.63–8.88) 2.03 (0.52–7.88) 1.95 (0.50–7.71)
Other disorder Neither 52 (22) 1.00   1.00   1.00   52 (11) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Both 25 (12) 1.29 (0.61–2.71) 1.23 (0.57–2.65) 1.49 (0.67–3.30) 25 (7) 1.50 (0.48–4.63) 1.60 (0.50–5.19) 1.60 (0.38–6.68)
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age and sex
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age, sex, basic education, diagnosis, and hospital admissions
  3. Model 3: adjusted for age, sex, diagnosis, hospital admissions, and attachment to work before work disability