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Table 3 Associations between intervention plans and employment outcomes by education and attachment to work

From: Psychotherapeutic and work-oriented interventions: employment outcomes among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder

Education/attachment to work before disability Planned intervention Entering employment during follow-up Being employed at end of follow-up
n (cases) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 n (cases) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI
  Psycho-therapeutic intervention (PI) vs. neither
Comprehensive school Neither 339 (130) 1.00   1.00   1.00   339 (52) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
PI 110 (55) 1.39 (1.01–1.92) 1.21 (0.86–1.70) 1.32 (0.94–1.84) 110 (28) 1.80 (1.05–3.07) 1.43 (0.82–2.49) 1.53 (0.87–2.68)
High school Neither 187 (88) 1.00   1.00   1.00   187 (42) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
PI 139 (92) 1.55 (1.15–2.08) 1.51 (1.10–2.08) 1.38 (1.00–1.90) 139 (47) 1.66 (1.01–2.74) 1.29 (0.75–2.22) 1.18 (0.68–2.05)
Attached to work Neither 154 (103) 1.00   1.00     244 (75) 1.00   1.00    
PI 99 (80) 1.38 (1.03–1.87) 1.32 (0.96–1.81)    138 (64) 1.99 (1.28–3.98) 1.51 (0.94–2.24)   
Not attached Neither 386 (120) 1.00   1.00     386 (47) 1.00   1.00    
PI 151 (68) 1.45 (1.07–1.97) 1.33 (0.95–1.86)    151 (36) 2.02 (1.23–3.32) 1.57 (0.92–2.68)   
  Work-oriented intervention (WI) vs. neither
Comprehensive school Neither 339 (130) 1.00     1.00   339 (52) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
WI 162 (71) 1.21 (0.91–1.62) 1.23 (0.92–1.64) 1.16 (0.86–1.55) 162(30) 1.29 (0.78–2.13) 1.30 (0.78–2.15) 1.26 (0.75–2.12)
High school Neither 187 (88) 1.00     1.00   187 (42) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
WI 95 (52) 1.27 (0.90–1.80) 1.30 (0.92–1.85) 1.26 (0.87–1.78) 95 (18) 0.81 (0.43–1.52) 0.80 (0.43–1.50) 0.75 (0.40–1.44)
Attached to work Neither 154 (103) 1.00       154 (48) 1.00   1.00    
WI 90 (62) 1.08 (0.79–1.50) 1.11 (0.80–1.54)    90 (27) 0.91 (0.51–1.62) 0.94 (0.51–1.72)   
Not attached Neither 386 (120) 1.00       386 (47) 1.00   1.00    
WI 173 (64) 1.27 (0.94–1.72) 1.29 (0.95–1.76)    173 (23) 1.14 (0.66–1.95) 1.10 (0.63–1.92)   
  Both interventions vs. neither
Comprehensive school Neither 339 (130) 1.00   1.00   1.00   339 (52) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Both 60 (27) 1.16 (0.76–1.77) 1.03 (0.67–1.57) 1.03 (0.67–1.58) 60 (18) 2.17 (1.15–4.09) 1.84 (0.95–3.58) 1.90 (0.94–3.85)
High school Neither 236 (122) 1.00   1.00   1.00   187 (42) 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Both 49 (34) 1.74 (1.16–2.59) 1.80 (1.17–2.77) 1.66 (1.07–2.57) 49 (17) 1.88 (0.95–3.74) 1.54 (0.74–3.21) 1.41 (0.66–3.05)
Attached Neither 154 (103) 1.00   1.00     154 (48) 1.00   1.00    
Both 39 (30) 1.24 (0.82–1.86) 1.20 (0.78–1.85)    39 (24) 3.61 (1.72–7.58) 2.76 (1.26–6.02)   
Not attached Neither 386 (120) 1.00   1.00     386 (47) 1.00   1.00    
Both 71 (31) 1.44 (0.97–2.15) 1.51 (0.99–2.29)    71 (11) 1.19 (0.58–2.45) 1.21 (0.57–2.57)   
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age and sex
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age, sex, basic education, diagnosis, and hospital admission
  3. Model 3: adjusted for age, sex, diagnosis, hospital admission, and attachment to work before work disability