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Table 3 Case mix: demographic, clinical and offending variables (based on screening, assessment and collateral) for all individuals remanded and taken onto PICLS caseload (N = 917) and remand episodes taken onto PICLS caseload (N = 1109) for three-year period 2012–2014. Similar variables for remand episodes taken onto PICLS caseload for preceding six-year period 2006–2011, with 95 % confidence limits for proportions

From: STRESS-testing clinical activity and outcomes for a combined prison in-reach and court liaison service: a 3-year observational study of 6177 consecutive male remands

Variable Status at first remand episode for persons taken onto PICLS caseload during 2012–14 (N = 917) All remand episodes taken onto PICLS caseload during 2012–2014 (N = 1109) All remand episodes taken onto PICLS caseload during 2006–2011 (N = 3195)
No. positive Percentage 95 % CI limits for percentage Proportion positive Percentage 95 % CI limits for percentage Proportion positive Percentage 95 % CI limits for percentage
Irish nationality 772 84.2 81.7–86.5 952 85.8 83.7–87.8 2690 84.2 82.9–85.4
Homeless 308 33.6 30.5–36.7 388 35.0 32.2–37.9 748 23.4 22.0–24.9
Lifetime Psychosis 252 27.5 24.6–30.5 339 30.6 27.9–33.4 943 29.5 27.9–31.1
Active psychotic symptoms 192 20.9 18.3–23.7 251 22.6 20.2–25.2 561 17.6 16.3–18.9
History substance misuse 781 85.2 82.7–87.4 954 86.0 83.8–88.0 2773 86.8 85.6–87.9
History deliberate self-harm 571 62.3 59.0–65.4 715 64.5 61.6–67.3 Figure not available
Violent index offence 329 35.9 32.8–39.1 384 34.6 31.8–37.5 Figure not available
History of contact with psychiatric service outside prison 599 65.3 62.1–68.4 770 69.4 66.6–72.1 Figure not available
Age at committal Mean age 32.8 S.D. 10.5 Mean age 32.6 S.D. 10.2 Mean age 31.8 S.D. 10.8
  1. Homelessness: defined as not having regular accommodation, rough sleeping or residence in homeless shelters at the time of or during committal
  2. Active psychotic symptoms: defined as hallucinations, delusions and/or thought disorder
  3. Violent offence defined as an act of physical violence on a person and included homicide, assault, robbery, aggravated burglary, contact sexual offences, false imprisonment, driving offences involving injury to others and arson where there was a possibility of injury to others