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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with a non-public psychiatric health facility as first place patients sought care prior to Pantang hospital

From: Pathways to psychiatric care for mental disorders: a retrospective study of patients seeking mental health services at a public psychiatric facility in Ghana

Socio-demographic characteristics uOR 95 % CI Unadjusted p value aOR 95 % CI Adjusted p value
Sex
Male ref    ref   
Female 1.04 0.44–2.45 0.928 0.77 0.21–2.79 0.676
Age (years)
<20 ref    ref   
20–29 2.04 0.37–11.25   3.95 0.17–93.94  
30–39 1.22 0.20–7.36   2.15 0.07–62.07  
40–49 0.89 0.13–6.03   2.09 0.03–148.30 0.602
50–59 1.8 0.26–12.55   3.58 0.10–133.66  
≥60 1 0.14–7.34 0.382 1.74 0.01–212.47  
Educational level
No formal education ref    ref   
Basic educationa 0.9 0.19–4.33   0.35 0.01–10.27  
Secondary educationb 0.86 0.18–4.08   0.21 0.01–7.48 0.264
Tertiary 0.92 0.15–5.83 0.916 0.11 0.00–6.02  
Marital status
Single/never married ref    ref   
Married 0.51 0.22–1.22   0.25 0.04–1.68  
Widowed 0.16 0.04–0.69   0.05 0.01–0.80  
Divorced 0.82 0.09–7.58   0.46 0.02–9.74 0.172
Separated 0.54 0.08–3.59 0.254 0.28 0.01–5.77  
Religion
Christian ref    ref   
Others 0.5 0.12–2.01 0.194 0.31 0.03–3.12 0.301
Occupation
Unemployed ref    ref   
Self-employed 1.87 0.76–4.59   2.61 0.48–14.24 0.007*
Public servant 4.36 1.07–17.70 0.011* 13.65 1.11–16.40  
Distance in km 0.99 0.99–1.00 0.860 0.99 0.98–1.00 0.794
Ethnicity
Akan ref    ref   
others 0.86 0.41–1.81   0.81 0.21–3.10 0.961
  1. uOR and aOR are unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio respectively based on binary logistic regression, ref represents the reference category of the variable
  2. Standard error and confidence interval estimation were based on 100 bootstrap replications
  3. * p < 0.05
  4. aPrimary/Junior High
  5. bSenior High/Vocational