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Table 5 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis with backward elimination on GPA scores (N = 76)

From: Brunei’s teacher education programs: insights into students’ coping and help-seeking strategies to challenges

Model Variables Unstandardized coefficients Standardized coefficients t Sig.
B Std. error Beta
1 Gender 0.425 0.165 0.213 2.579 0.013*
Age 0.014 0.013 0.117 1.050 0.298
Task 0.026 0.010 0.460 2.675 0.010*
Emotion 0.001 0.006 0.015 0.193 0.848
Distraction 0.001 0.012 0.010 0.095 0.924
Social diversion 0.006 0.024 0.033 0.249 0.804
Helpersa 0.081 0.055 0.152 1.476 0.146
2 Gender 0.427 0.161 0.214 2.649 0.010*
Age 0.014 0.013 0.117 1.064 0.292
Task 0.026 0.009 0.461 2.723 0.009**
Emotion 0.001 0.006 0.017 0.228 0.820
Social diversion 0.007 0.022 0.038 0.325 0.746
Helpersa 0.080 0.054 0.151 1.486 0.143
3 Gender 0.432 0.158 0.217 2.729 0.008**
Age 0.014 0.013 0.118 1.073 0.288
Task 0.026 0.009 0.467 2.806 0.007**
Social diversion 0.008 0.021 0.044 0.387 0.700
Helpersa 0.082 0.053 0.154 1.543 0.128
4 Gender 0.443 0.155 0.222 2.861 0.006**
Age 0.013 0.013 0.112 1.041 0.302
Task 0.028 0.008 0.500 3.534 0.001
Helpersa 0.088 0.051 0.164 1.715 0.092
5 Gender 0.452 0.155 0.226 2.920 0.005**
Task 0.033 0.006 0.594 5.469 0.000**
Helpersa 0.094 0.051 0.177 1.856 0.068
  1. a Helpers sources of help used when participants sought assistance (this variable had eight categories)
  2. * p < 0.05 (two-tailed)
  3. ** p < 0.01 (two-tailed)
  4. Neared the significance level at p = 0.05
  5. Avoidance was brocken into two variables—distraction and social diversion—was omitted from analysis as it correlated too high with both distraction and social diversion (see Table 3 above)