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Table 3 Multivariable associations between demographic, socioeconomic, and psychosocial factors and AODs among pregnant women

From: Predictors of alcohol and other drug use among pregnant women in a peri-urban South African setting

Variable Odds ratio 95 % confidence interval
Age category: 25–29 years 1.346578 0.527583–1.436942
Above 29 years 0.848982 0.302722–1.380969
Education level 0.886519 0.412610–0.904739
Employment status 1.745675 1.323856–1.896907
Asset index: poor 1.912688 0.606284–2.034089
Very poor 2.334470 1.744967–2.715419
Poorest 1.756317 1.533675–2.780012
Food insecurity 1.049968 0.424839–2.594943
Food insufficiency 3.739292 2.237959–4.294641
Partner status 1.014001 0.061702–1.121194
Relationship type 1.520949 0.629551–1.674494
Cohabiting with partner: yes 0.485067 0.414461–0.918144
Sometimes 1.554436 0.476718–2.068549
Perceived social support 0.992220 0.957972–1.027692
Planned pregnancy 0.309606 0.118785–0.806967
Positive for IPV 1.123195 0.389642–2.237756
Difficult life events 1.642240 0.269609–1.729887
MDE 1.259656 0.429228–1.696711
Any anxiety disorder 1.350071 0.538984–2.381714
Suicidal ideation 1.179614 0.457566–3.041067
History of mental health problems 2.133759 1.811383–2.611314