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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: The relationship between parenting attitudes, negative cognition, and the depressive symptoms according to gender in Korean adolescents

  Total (N = 401) Girls (N = 228) Boys (N = 221)
Mean (SD) Skewness (SE) Kurtosis (SE) Mean (SD) Skewness (SE) Kurtosis (SE) Mean (SD) Skewness (SE) Kurtosis (SE)
Affective attitudes 43.41 (5.80) −0.50 (0.12) 1.54 (0.24) 43.19 (5.71) −0. 85 (0.18) 3.66 (0.36) 43.58 (5.89) −0. 24 (0.16) 0.01 (0.33)
Rejecting attitudes 31.37 (5.85) −0.06 (0.12) 0.33 (0.24) 31.07 (5.96) 0.04 (0.18) −0. 07 (0.36) 31.61 (5.77) −0. 13 (0.16) 0.77 (0.33)
Autonomic attitudes 41.49 (5.29) −0.60 (0.12) 2.45 (0.24) 41.83 (5.30) −0. 49 (0.18) 0.99 (0.36) 41.21 (5.27) −0. 71 (0.16) 3.74 (0.33)
Controlling attitudes 41.35 (5.46) 0.07 (0.12) 0.19 (0.24) 41.89 (5.43) −0. 09 (0.18) 0.60 (0.36) 40.90 (5.46) 0.19 (0.16) −0.002 (0.33)
CATS 21.38 (24.44) 1.60 (0.12) 2.15 (0.24) 21.79 (24.61) 1.72 (0.18) 2.62 (0.36) 21.05 (24.36) 1.52 (0.16) 1.85 (0.33)
RSES 29.79 (6.14) 0.09 (0.12) −0.45 (0.24) 29.17 (5.93) 0.01 (0.18) −0.34 (0.36) 30.29 (6.28) 0.11 (0.16) −0.57 (0.33)
CDI 14.57 (7.17) 0.33 (0.12) −0.35 (0.24) 15.86 (6.85) 0.22 (0.18) −0. 59 (0.36) 13.52 (7.26) 0.47 (0.16) −0.05 (0.33)
  1. CATS children’s autonomic thought scale, RSES The Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale, CDI children’s depression inventory