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Table 5 Adjusted odds ratio (with 95 % confidence interval) for poor SRH by levels of cognitive social capital for women and men in Sweden and Ukraine

From: Gender differences in the association between cognitive social capital, self-rated health, and depressive symptoms: a comparative analysis of Sweden and Ukraine

Variables Sweden Ukraine
Women Men Women Men
Social capital
 Trust in the national government/parliament
  High 1*** 1*** 1** 1**
  Moderate 1.50 (1.27–1.76) 1.26 (1.06–1.49) 1.29 (0.77–2.16) 1.24 (0.66–2.36)
  Low 1.99 (1.58–2.50) 1.82 (1.48–2.24) 1.88 (1.12–3.15) 1.67 (0.90–3.12)
  No opinion 1.77 (1.49–2.10) 1.26 (0.99–1.58)   
 Feeling of safety
  High 1*** 1*** 1*** 1***
  Moderate 1.63 (1.35–1.98) 3.03 (2.14–4.28) 1.35 (0.81–2.24) 1.02 (0.64–1.63)
  Low 2.15 (1.55–2.99) 2.75 (1.58–4.80) 1.44 (0.91–2.26) 1.20 (0.76–1.89)
  Never alone 2.25 (1.80–2.81) 2.63 (1.64–4.23)   
Other variables
 Age
  18–29 1*** 1*** 1*** 1***
  30–59 1.50 (1.24–1.81) 1.88 (1.50–2.36) 5.55 (3.79–8.13) 4.46 (2.73–7.31)
  60+ 2.05 (1.65–2.55) 2.95 (2.29–3.80) 56.97 (29.1–111.7) 22.8 (11.4–45.6)
 Education
  Short 1*** 1*** 1*** 1***
  Medium 0.78 (0.65–0.95) 0.69 (0.57–0.83) 0.73 (0.30–1.76) 0.62 (0.26–1.47)
  Long 0.71 (0.60–0.84) 0.62 (0.51–0.74) 0.48 (0.20–1.17) 0.54 (0.22–1.28)
 Marital status
  Living without a partner 1*** 1*** 1 1
  Living with partner 0.93 (0.81–1.06) 0.72 (0.61–0.85) 1.28 (0.91–1.80) 1.37 (0.87–2.17)
 Small children
  No 1*** 1*** 1*** 1***
  Yes 0.64 (0.52–0.80) 0.94 (0.75–1.19) 0.98 (0.61–1.57) 1.41 (0.70–2.86)
 Smoking
  No 1*** 1*** 1*** 1***
  Yes 1.80 (1.53–2.10) 1.63 (1.35–1.97) 1.68 (0.91–3.09) 0.92 (0.62–1.37)
 Alcohol ever
  No 1*** 1*** 1 1
  Yes 0.51 (0.43–0.61) 0.62 (0.49–0.79) 2.18 (1.50–3.17) 1.85 (1.09–3.13)
  1. The asterisks denote significant level of Chi Square test of p < 0.05 (*) or p < 0.01 (**) or p < 0.001 (***)