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Table 3 Distribution of socio-demographic, lifestyle, social capital, and outcome variables of self-rated health and depressive symptoms in Sweden and Ukraine

From: Gender differences in the association between cognitive social capital, self-rated health, and depressive symptoms: a comparative analysis of Sweden and Ukraine

Variables Sweden Ukraine
Women (%) Men (%) Total (%) Women (%) Men (%) Total (%)
N = 5436 N = 4612 N = 10,048 N = 1723 N = 910 N = 2633
Socio-demographic
 Age
  18–29 18.9 17.0 18.0 18.8 23.3 20.3
  30–59 56.0 54.5 55.4 50.7 51.9 51.1
  60+ 25.1 28.6 26.6 30.5 24.8 28.6
 Education
  Short 26.5 25.1 25.8 14.1 10.7 13.0
  Medium 33.1 40.6 36.5 49.0 51.4 49.9
  Long 40.4 34.3 37.7 36.8 37.9 37.2
 Marital status
  Living without a partner 34.2 31.2 32.7 51.1 32.0 44.5
  Living with partner 65.8 68.8 67.3 48.9 68.0 55.5
 Small children at home
  Yes 13.7 12.8 13.3 11.6 8.5 10.5
  No 86.3 87.2 86.7 88.4 91.5 89.5
Lifestyle
 Smoking
  Yes 18.0 13.4 15.8 6.7 43.8 19.6
  No 82.0 86.6 84.2 93.3 56.2 80.4
 Alcohol consumption ever
  Yes 86.3 92.0 88.9 69.3 84.3 74.4
  Never 13.7 8.0 11.1 30.7 15.7 25.6
 Social capital
  Trust in the national government/parliament
   High 30.7 31.6 31.1 11.7 11.6 11.7
   Moderate 34.3 38.0 36.0 31.1 32.6 31.6
   Low 9.4 17.0 12.9 57.4 55.7 56.8
   No opinion 25.6 13.4 20.0    
 Feeling of safety
  High 25.8 56.3 39.8 14.9 31.8 20.7
  Moderate 62.1 40.7 52.2 50.0 52.0 50.6
  Low 3.5 1.2 2.4 35.2 16.3 28.6
  Never alone 8.6 1.8 5.5    
Mental and health outcomes
 Depressive symptoms
  No 78.5 85.8 81.8 62.2 79.8 68.3
  Yes 21.5 14.2 18.2 37.8 20.2 31.7
 Self-rated health
  Good 67.3 71.2 69.1 23.0 36.9 27.8
  Poor 32.7 28.8 30.9 77.0 63.1 72.2