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Table 4 Multivariate linear mixed models: Associations between patient characteristics and change in total and involuntary inpatient days (N = 124)

From: Hospitalization of high and low inpatient service users before and after enrollment into Assertive Community Treatment teams: a naturalistic observational study

Variables Total inpatient days Involuntary inpatient days
Regression coefficient (95 % CI) p value Regression coefficient (95 % CI) p value
Age 37.88 (−15.72; 91.48) 0.164 43.35 (−9.55; 96.26) 0.107
Gender −1.31 (−4.10; 1.49) 0.357 0.29 (−2.47; 3.05) 0.836
Involuntary outpatient treatment 28.37 (−29.86; 86.61) 0.336 62.93 (5.46; 120.41) 0.032
BPRS positive symptoms −0.77 (−26.65; 25.10) 0.953 −4.49 (−30.02; 21.05) 0.728
BPRS negative symptoms 36.23 (11.24; 61.23) 0.005 31.95 (7.28; 56.61) 0.012
BPRS agitation mania −16.82 (−49.03; 15.39) 0.303 −19.58 (−51.36; 12.21) 0.225
BPRS anxiety/depressive symptoms −17.05 (−43.19; 9.09) 0.199 −13.66 (−39.46; 12.14) 0.296
AUDIT 0.69 (−2.43; 3.81) 0.663 −0.06 (−3.14; 3.02) 0.969
DUDIT 1.29 (−1.05; 3.63) 0.277 2.07 (−0.23; 4.38) 0.078
HEAS 7.71 (−1.72; 17.15) 0.108 7.73 (−1.58; 17.04) 0.103
PSF 15.57 (−3.20; 34.34) 0.103 9.29 (−9.23; 27.81) 0.323
High frequency user 141.14 (88.26; 194.02) <0.001 95.52 (43.33; 147.71) <0.001
TMACT mean score 30 months 32.31 (−66.15; 130.76) 0.517 45.39 (−51.78; 142.57) 0.357