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Table 2 Hospitalization of total population, high and low users two years before and during ACT

From: Hospitalization of high and low inpatient service users before and after enrollment into Assertive Community Treatment teams: a naturalistic observational study

Outcome Population Before ACT enrollment After ACT enrollment Change before-after ACT enrollment
Mean SD Mean SD Meana 95 % CI p valueb
New admissions Total populationc 3.34 3.98 3.00 4.70 0.27 −0.49 to 1.04 0.480
Low usersd 1.28 1.23 1.62 3.02 −0.33 −0.96 to 0.29 0.284
High userse 5.23 4.64 4.39 5.56 0.84 −0.52 to 2.20 0.223
Total inpatient days Total populationc 120.93 154.63 61.47 77.58 59.46 32.88 to 86.03 <0.001
Low usersd 26.57 31.37 50.94 82.82 −24.37 −43.37 to −5.37 0.013
High userse 207.64 171.37 71.15 71.64 136.49 95.47 to 177.51 <0.001
Involuntary inpatient days Total populationc 80.82 147.45 36.63 64.99 44.20 19.30 to 69.10 <0.001
Low usersd 11.76 22.44 31.43 70.54 −19.66 −36.42 to −2.91 0.022
High userse 144.28 181.68 41.41 59.51 102.88 61.55 to 144.20 <0.001
  1. a Positive results indicate mean reduction in outcome after ACT enrollment compared to before while negative results indicate mean increase
  2. b Analyses of changes using linear mixed models
  3. c Total population N = 142
  4. d Low users N = 68
  5. e High users N = 74